How to feed cucumbers with yeast, especially yeast in open ground and greenhouse
There are many ways to feed cucumbers. The culture perceives liquid top dressing well, but does not refuse from spraying.
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This time we want to tell you about top dressing made from yeast. This is an environmentally friendly feeding, which can be very useful for this culture. From the article you will learn in which case cucumbers will need such top dressing, and how it can be prepared.
Why do we need yeast for cucumbers
The yeast contains microorganisms, fungi. However, unlike the pathogenic counterparts that cause late blight and other diseases, these microorganisms benefit plants.
Once in the ground under cucumbers, they process organics, releasing phosphorus and nitrogen. And this, 2 of the 3 most important trace elements for the development of cucumbers.
Yeast also stimulate the formation of new roots and have a tonic effect on the root system of cucumbers.
All of the above leads to the fact that the cucumber shoots become plump and strong. The sap flow is normalized, flowers are formed, which after falling off become mostly ovaries, and not empty flowers.
Zelentsy themselves have the right shape and are characterized by better taste.
When to Use Cucumber Yeast
For the first time, a fertilizer made from yeast can be used for feeding even when growing cucumber seedlings. This will accelerate the growth of seedlings, as well as increase their resistance to various agricultural procedures, such as picking.
The following dressing can be done immediately after planting in a greenhouse or open ground. At this stage, the fertilizer helps the seedlings to take root in a new place faster and more easily bear the stress of the transplant.
Next, we count 30 days and water the bushes with yeast solution again. By this time, cucumbers will bloom.
The following top dressing is carried out already during the period of mass formation of greenhouses. But then you can not abuse fertilizer. Watering can be done every 30 days.
How often can you pour yeast on cucumbers
Cucumbers respond well to top dressing with yeast fertilizer. Use such top dressing is advised no more than 3-4 times for the entire time of growing the culture. This amount is more than enough for the plants to develop well all summer and give you a plentiful harvest.
IMPORTANT! Do not abuse fertilizer made from yeast. Fungi require elements such as potassium and calcium. They pull them out of the soil. And without these elements, the development of cucumbers is impossible.
How to feed cucumbers with yeast in the open ground
In open ground, it is better to feed cucumbers with liquid fertilizer. Watering is done strictly at the root. Fertilizer must be applied very carefully so as not to get on the leaves and lashes. This is especially difficult in the middle of the season, when the bushes grow and the shoots close the entire garden.
To increase the number of ovaries on cucumbers and strengthen the immunity of the plant, you can prepare a yeast mixture with ascorbic acid. You will need a bag of yeast and 2 balls of ascorbic acid. By the way, it is better to crush them so that they dissolve faster in the liquid.
TIP. To make yeast fertilizer for cucumbers growing in the open field work better, add sugar to it.
Before applying fertilizer, pour plenty of bushes with warm, settled water. So the yeast solution absorbs faster and starts to work.
How to make yeast nutrition for cucumbers in a greenhouse
In the closed ground it is quite allowed to use recipes in which there is no sugar. In greenhouses and greenhouses it is warmer, therefore, all fermentation processes are faster, and they do not need to be stimulated with sugar.
Here, top dressing from fresh yeast is quite effective (1 kg per liter of water for mixing the mother liquor). Next, mix 1 liter of concentrate with a bucket of water and feed the plants.
Popular recipes for feeding cucumbers with yeast
Now consider the popular folk recipes for fertilizers from yeast for feeding cucumbers.
To obtain a mother liquor, you need 100 g of funds, 50 g of sugar and a liter of warm, but not hot water. All components are mixed and roam for 2 days. Then the mother liquor is mixed in a bucket with 9 l of pure water and water the plants.
To prepare the mother liquor, you need 100 grams of the product, a liter of warm milk and 2 tablespoons of sugar. To insist such a solution you need only a couple of hours, after which the drug is diluted in a bucket of water, and the plants are watered.
Instead of a briquette of fresh yeast, you can prepare a solution from a bag of dry product. Such yeast can be bought at any grocery store and stall.
A bag of yeast and two tablespoons of sugar are mixed with 10 liters of water. Then the solution is left to ferment in a warm place for a couple of hours, after which watering is carried out. Norm for the preparation of working solution: 1 part of the mother liquor to 5 parts of pure water.
Yeast with bread
You need to fill half a ten-liter bucket with bread crusts, add 5 tablespoons of sugar and a teaspoon of dried yeast. All this is filled with warm water and left to roam for three days. Then the resulting mixture is decanted and a mother liquor is obtained. For the working solution, you need to dilute the mother liquor in a ratio of 1 to 5 with clean water.
How to breed dry yeast for feeding
Dry yeast is more beneficial in that it is easier to breed in warm water. However, it is worth noting that their effectiveness is lower than that of live yeast.
Such a product can be prepared from a dry product: a bag of the drug is diluted in 1 liter of water and 100 g of sugar is poured. After 4 hours, the mixture is poured into a ten-liter bucket of water, allowed to stand for a couple more hours, and then a working solution of 1 to 5 is prepared. And cucumbers are watered with this solution.
How to use pressed
Conventional pressed yeast is considered more effective than dry sachets. It is necessary to dissolve 100 g of the product in a liter of water, and after 3 hours, bring the volume to working.
The disadvantage of pressed yeast is that it must be stored in the refrigerator. Accordingly, they are not suitable for those summer residents who have to get to their site for a long time.
How to make combined feeding
To enhance the effect, other components can be added to the yeast solution. This is necessary to neutralize the calcium deficiency that may occur due to the use of yeast.
Good compatibility with this top dressing with ash. Preparing a complex composition is easy. A bucket of working yeast solution needs a glass of ash. Such a mixture will become a source of potassium and calcium.
Also in the finished yeast solution, you can add a tablespoon of crushed egg shells. Such a complex composition will saturate the cucumbers with calcium.
IMPORTANT! Yeast should not be mixed with organic matter, as it neutralizes the action of yeast.
Yeast draws potassium and calcium from the soil. Therefore, so that plants do not experience a deficiency of these elements, mineral agents can be added to the fertilizer.
It is most effective to add potassium sulfate and calcium nitrate. You can add these drugs after preparing the working solution. A bucket of liquid yeast fertilizer needs 10 grams of calcium nitrate and potassium sulfate.
How to make foliar fertilizer with yeast
To get a spray mixture, mix a bag of dried yeast, 4 tablespoons of sugar and 10 liters of water. Leave the mixture to infuse overnight. The next morning, dilute it 1 to 10 with water and spray it.
It is better to spray young plants. Cucumbers growing in the garden are treated in the evening, in the greenhouse, on the contrary, they are processed in the morning. Please note that the water for the spray solution must be warm. And do not forget to strain the mixture so that the sprayer does not clog.
Advantages and disadvantages of this top dressing
Yeast has a ton of benefits. They stimulate and strengthen the root system, have a positive effect on the health of seedlings. Also, due to their vital functions, nitrogen and phosphorus are released in the soil. When using the product, an improvement in the taste of greens and their keeping quality during storage are noted.
ON A NOTE. Yeast also inhibits the activity of its pathogenic "counterparts" and inhibits the development of fungal diseases.
There are practically no shortcomings or contraindications in yeast top dressing.
But it is important to remember that yeast does not always work.
Such fertilizer is useless at temperatures below 15 degrees, as well as in the absence of organic matter in the soil that fungi could process. In addition, among the disadvantages it is worth mentioning that the yeast solution is effective only on the first day of manufacture.
IMPORTANT! Frequent use of yeast leads to a deficiency of calcium and potassium in the soil.
It is also worth recalling once again that yeast will not replace other mineral and organic fertilizers. It is more of a growth promoter than regular top dressing.
Despite the fact that the tool is very simple to prepare, beginning summer residents make a number of mistakes, due to which the feeding procedure becomes meaningless:
- Use cold water to knead the solution. In this case, the fermentation process will not begin, and there will be no sense from fertilizer.
- Watering on a leaf. It is necessary to water strictly under the root. For foliar top dressing there is a recipe. Spraying should be finely dispersed.
- Fertilizer is applied on a hot day. This leads to the fact that the nutrient fluid evaporates quickly.
- Fertilizer is applied to dry soil. Before applying fertilizer, cucumber bushes are abundantly watered with warm, settled water.
- Expired yeast is used. "Old" yeast does not work.
- Yeast solution does not ferment. It is not enough just to knead all the components, the liquid must ferment in order for its use to be effective.
- Use of the "old" solution. Yeast fertilizer is not stored, it must be used on the day of preparation.
- Using too hot water to prepare the mother liquor. To prepare the initial concentrate, the water must be warm, but not hot. 40 degrees - the optimum temperature.
Frequently Asked Questions
When do I need to feed cucumbers?
To begin with, the maximum number of yeast dressings is 4. The first one can be done after picking a seedling. The second after landing in open ground. Then we feed during flowering and fruit formation.
Which yeast is better?
If you have a private house with a garden, then use fresh ones. If you need to go to the summer cottage, then it is better to buy a couple of bags of dry yeast in the supermarket.
Is it possible to carry out foliar top dressing with this tool?
Yes. It is most effective to process young bushes of cucumbers in this way. But note that in the greenhouse, spraying is carried out in the morning, and in the open ground in the evening.
Can yeast be mixed with other fertilizers?
Yes, but not with everyone. You can not use them with manure or chicken droppings. At the same time, use together with ash or potassium sulfate and calcium nitrate will prevent the deficiency of trace elements in cucumber beds.
So, yeast dressing is an effective remedy for cucumbers. Its advantages are obvious: the fertilizer is easy to prepare, and it is practically harmless to the crop. Observe the dosage and timing of the fertilizer to make the fertilizer effective.