When and how to water fruit trees in spring, features of spring watering
What is the most important thing in plant nutrition? Of course, water. It is she who provides the life of flowers, shrubs and trees. But, if small cultivated plants are regularly watered by gardeners and summer residents, then they often forget about watering trees.
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Today we decided to tell you how to properly water fruit trees in the garden in spring and when to do it.
When is the first time you can water trees in spring
Trees in the garden should be watered even if the winter was snowy with large snowdrifts and regular snowfalls. If there was little snow, then watering is simply mandatory.
The first watering should be done while the leaves are blooming on the trees, that is, before flowering begins.
ON A NOTE. For watering, use water from ponds collected in a barrel after rains or melting snow. If you use tap water for irrigation, then you need to defend it, as when watering any other plants.
How often to water trees in spring
Over the entire season, fruit trees will need 4-5 (rarely more) watering. But they must be plentiful and carried out according to all the rules. Half of the watering needs to be done in the spring.
IMPORTANT NOTE! If the spring turned out to be rainy, then adding more water is not advisable. Therefore, focus also on the weather and soil conditions under the trees.
The first watering, as mentioned above, is performed during budding. During this period, trees especially need moisture to stimulate leaf growth and flowering.
The second time you need to carry out the procedure 2 weeks after the end of flowering. So we will protect the trees from falling ovaries.
Additional watering is not needed. Only if there is no rain at all in the spring and terrible land is standing.
Watering after planting
If with adult trees everything is less or less clear, then there are some nuances in moistening young animals.
The first time water is poured right after planting. This is necessary, firstly, to saturate the roots of moisture, and, secondly, to make the soil around the roots more dense and monolithic. In the future, this will prevent trees from falling.
Then the planted trees are regularly watered every week.
If you have young apple trees, pears, or plums that have been planted over the past few years, you can water them in the same way as seedlings. That is, once a week. But only in the case of an arid spring. Otherwise, pour water rarely.
Another nuance. After planting the seedlings, experts advise installing an automatic irrigation system near them and leaving it to work for a couple of hours at low water pressure. Or several times during this time, water the seedlings from a watering can.
When you should not water fruit trees in spring
It is better to refrain from watering trees during flowering. The fact is that in this case, the procedure can provoke the fall of the fruit ovaries, and you will be left without a crop.
No need to water in hot and sunny spring days. Water evaporates quickly, and a dense crust forms on the soil. In addition, dropping water on the leaves may cause a sunburn. If the weather is hot at the end of spring, then the procedure should be carried out in the early morning or after sunset.
It is recommended to refrain from carrying out the procedure after rain. Trees will get enough moisture. Better to wait and see the weather later. If rainfall continues, then watering is not necessary at all. If dry land comes, it will be possible to water in a few days.
Methods of watering trees in spring
There are several ways to water trees in spring. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Somewhere, a lot of physical effort is required, and somewhere, an entire irrigation network will have to be created.
Consider the most popular of them.
Watering in the trunk circle
Perhaps the most effective and at the same time the most time-consuming way. You need to dig a trunk circle in diameter equal to the crown projection. Then in a circle you dig a trench, stepping back from the trunk at least 0.2-0.5 m (depending on the size of the tree). The depth of the trench is approximately 0.4 m. Then this trench is filled with water.
ON A NOTE. With this method, water does not need to be poured under the tree itself.
Watering the bowl
The method is similar to the previous one. It is only necessary to dig a small bowl over the entire diameter of the crown, which must be filled with water. So that water does not flow out of the improvised “bowl”, a small parapet can be poured along the edges.
Please note that you do not need to dig holes. It is necessary to go a little deeper to create a kind of container that will be filled with water.
The simplest and least labor-intensive way to water the garden. But for it, you will need special sprayers that connect to the hose. Thus, you not only water the trees, but also moisten a large area of the garden, as well as deciduous cover.
This is a completely mechanical way of watering, but requires a certain amount of money. Also, the system will need to be mounted.
A rather complicated method that requires the installation of an entire drip irrigation system. Its essence lies in the extension of the main pipeline throughout the garden and the drip system, which are located near each plant.
The advantage is that having mounted the system once, you do not need to return to it anymore. You can also adjust the flow of water.
The subtleties of watering fruit trees in spring
As we said above, young trees need to be watered every week. The same applies to young specimens with over-dried soil.
But the old apple trees, plums, pears, apricots that are already yielding crops need to be watered exclusively until the buds open.
There are nuances of moistening different types of soil. 1.5 times more water is needed if your garden is located on sandy soils. All due to the fact that such soil does not hold water well. On the contrary, loamy soils hold moisture well, so they need less watering.
There are some nuances in the irrigation of various crops.
Pome fruits (apple, pear) love heavy watering in May, and in the second half of summer more moderate irrigation.
Stone fruits require more moisture. With the exception of cherries, which, on the contrary, need to be irrigated less often.
Norms of spring watering
An important point is the amount of fluid for each tree. This figure varies depending on the size and age of a particular specimen, as well as the weather in spring. In drought, the rate is increased, during rains - reduced.
So, the EXAMPLE volumes of fluid needed for trees in spring:
- Seedlings and young trees - 40 - 50 l.
- Young fruiting specimens (5 - 8 years) - 60 - 80 liters.
- Old trees - about 150 liters (or 4 buckets per square meter under the crown).
You can increase or decrease the rate depending on the weather and soil type. But you need to focus on these volumes.
Despite the apparent simplicity of such an agrotechnical technique as watering, many summer residents still make mistakes.
- Too frequent watering. Watering trees in the garden should be plentiful, but not often. Surface irrigation is useless. You are only wasting water.
- Carrying out the procedure after the rain. If the spring was rainy, then you do not need to add water. This will only cause stagnation of moisture at the roots and the development of various diseases.
- Wrong watering spot. Those roots that absorb moisture and nutrients are located far from the trunk, almost along the edge of the crown. Therefore, watering right under the barrel is pointless.
- Irrigation during the day in hot weather. This is a waste of water. Moisture evaporates and a crust forms on the surface of the soil.
- The use of tap water. In order not to shock the plants, it is better to let the water settle in barrels so that it warms up even to ambient temperature.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to water trees less often and spend less water?
Use mulching. Mulch retains moisture at the roots and prevents water from evaporating. In addition, it is useful for soil structure.
How much water should I spend?
Depends on the size of your apple tree, pear, apricot or plum. From 50 liters for seedlings and young trees to 150 liters for old specimens.
How often to irrigate the garden in spring?
No more than two times in normal weather. More often with drought, less often with rains.
Which method is the most effective?
All methods perform the same function - irrigate trees. You only need to choose the one that will be most convenient for you.
Watering is an archive agricultural technique. Do not forget to moisten the soil under fruit trees if you want to get a large fruit crop in the fall.