Geranium - home care, features and subtleties
Real geranium is a garden plant. Pelargonium is the most popular type of the geranium family that is beloved by the people. Therefore, it is called geranium grown at home.
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The article will use the words "Pelargonium", "geranium", "crane"referring to pelargonium.
There are 250 varieties. They are distinguished by the shape of the leaves, the color of the inflorescences.
The main ones:
The flowers are large (6 cm). Coloring speckled, contrasting. On the edge of the petal corrugation, waves, just a line.
Most popular for home. The most unpretentious of its family.
Leaf plates are round, fragrant, wavy at the edges, with the presence of a brown border in a circle. Without pinching growth of 1 meter.
The flowers are simple, semi-double, double.
Lush inflorescences resemble tulips, collected up to 38 pieces. Red, pink, white varieties.
Leaves are strongly dissected. Exude a spicy aroma. It blooms profusely. The petals are red.
Decorative grade. Leaf plates are very beautiful, there are openwork, rounded, three-color.
Height 13-28 cm. Blossom luxuriantly, plentifully, continuously. The bush is neat without shaping.
Inflorescences - small roses, lush, 19 - 20 pieces.
Fragrant over 150 varieties.
FEATURE. Each has its own aroma: apple, lemon, cinnamon, roses, strawberries.
The smell kills germs. Used for the production of essential oils.
Care after purchase
The purchased plant suffered several stresses: nursery, transportation, transshipment base, warehouse, store, apartment. Therefore, until adaptation to new conditions (3 weeks), it must not be touched.
Care should be taken: maintain temperature, soil moisture, air. Treat with drug Fitosporin.
When the period of addiction passes, you can transplant.
ATTENTION. Transplanting is recommended if there are no flowers. When buying in the winter replant in the spring.
Optimal: +23 degrees in the summer +15 in the winter.
It tolerates dry air. Humidity is the same. Do not spray.
Abundant flowering is provided by good lighting. Otherwise, the bush is stretched, few flowers, quickly fall off.
Choose where to put
Pelargonium is photophilous. It is necessary to choose sunny window sills.
No drafts and low temperature.
Tips according to popular belief.
- A white, purple crane is placed anywhere in the room. Red - closer to the window: from the evil eye.
- The positive magical properties are enhanced by the proximity to azalea or a Decembrist cactus.
- In summer, it can be placed on both sides of the porch, in front of the windows. It is a decoration of the house. Will bring a good mood to the owners, guests.
- Astrologers believe that geranium is more suitable for Aries with energy. Soothes Pisces, Scorpions, Aquarius. For the rest of the signs is a talisman.
How it looks in the interior
This flower will decorate any interior, give it more freshness. There is a popular sign that geranium is a charm of the house.
Care at different times of the year
In the spring
From the first days of March, it is necessary to trim: remove old, drying shoots, thin out thickened areas. Autumn branches that grew during the winter with one stem, remove, leaving four points of growth. Soon new ones will grow. After 5 weeks, the bush will be covered with many magnificent inflorescences.
Cropped cuttings will take root perfectly, take root.
IMPORTANT. After cutting, good lighting is most necessary. Put it immediately at the sunny window. It is good to apply a growth stimulator. Spray the kidneys 2 times a week.
Cutting off, transplant.
Water regularly, feed. Remove wilted inflorescences, pinch, cut. If prolonged rains, pelargonium, taken out under the open sky, return home.
At the end of September, flowers are brought home.
The main task is to prepare for the winter. Water a little, regularly. Fertilize in three weeks once.
Pelargonium begins to bloom less: preparing for winter pruning. Cropped stems are used for propagation.
Stop feeding, water less, provide a temperature of +14 degrees. But the illumination should be sufficient. It is good to use special lights. Optimal to place near the southern windows.
ATTENTION. Cannot be trimmed.
How to care during flowering
To bloom, you need small containers. When the roots fill the pot, the crane begins to give strength to the blooming of the buds.
The soil mixture should be selected directly for flowering plants.
Care - regular feeding. Especially potash fertilizers.
Nitrogen is sometimes desirable. An excellent fertilizer is sold special mixtures, where there is an additional content of copper, manganese, iron.
Organics can not be used. It can be harmful.
Water abundantly, but rarely.
If you provide sufficient lighting, the crane will delight as long as possible: March - December.
IMPORTANT. When it blooms, it is forbidden to cut, pinch: the formation of buds is disturbed.
How to care after flowering
FEATURE. Winter is a period of rest.
It is necessary to prepare for a winter vacation.
Put in a cool, well-lit room, where +11 degrees. Avoid drafts.
After a couple of weeks, bring it into the room.
Trim immediately after the last faded bud. New shoots will appear. By spring, a lush bush will form, magnificent inflorescences will appear.
After this procedure, make a comprehensive fertilizer mixture.
CAUTION. Pelargonium does not tolerate fresh organics.
Is it possible to grow in the garden?
This is a thermophilic plant. Therefore, under the open sky it is planted in the summer.
Determined with landing time: first half of May. Soil temperature should rise to 17 degrees.
Choose a well-prepared, loose, drained soil. Use also purchased universal.
Make holes. 25 cm deeper than the length of the roots. The bottom is covered with drainage (gravel, broken brick). Top - a mixture of peat, humus sand.
Then water, mulch with dry peat.
REFERENCE. You should plant several bushes of islands. Between them 25 cm.
Leaving: watering, top dressing, pruning.
Before the start of frost (better earlier), they dig out, place houses at the windows.
With the advent of warm time, they again take them out of their homes. Such a transplant is not necessary. Geranium can grow constantly at home
Signs of improper care
Fading foliage signals improper care.
- Not enough sunlight.
- Improper hydration
- Non-compliance with the temperature regime.
- Uncomfortable humidity.
- Unsuitable capacity.
- Lack of top dressing.
These factors are the causes of diseases and pests.
The best transplant period is the phase of the growing moon. The procedure is carried out in the spring every two years.
An appropriate pot is prepared. The bottom is filled with drainage, it can be fine pebbles. Then a bush is placed, the tank is filled with moist soil, watered. Shaded.
A week later, is transferred to a permanent place. Top dressing begins when two months pass.
For landing, a container is selected that has bottom drainage holes 24 cm deep.
Wash the pot, rinse with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The soil should be loose, dry quickly.
For a successful landing, pour a layer of expanded clay, on top - sand, earth. Make a recess. Place a seedling. Pour with soil mixture, pour.
It is easiest to propagate by cuttings. At a strong bush, the top with three leaves is cut off. The slice is sprinkled with activated carbon, landed on the intended place.
Before this, the soil is shed with boiling water, then potassium permanganate, a pink solution.
Another way: the stalk is put in water. When the roots appear, move into place.
Division method: the bush is divided during transplantation. A separate container is prepared for each part.
More laborious seed propagation. The sowing date is January. The place for sowing seeds is small cups. Seeds are laid out, sprinkled with soil, covered with a transparent material. Watered by drip.
After the appearance on the seedlings of two leaves dive. After 7 weeks, seated in places.
The main task is to thin out the crown. Improve ventilation, get more moisture, sunlight.
All shoots directed inward are removed.
Achieving magnificent, long flowering.
The knife for this procedure is disinfected with an antibacterial agent. Hands are also rubbed with alcohol. The stems are cut off at the leaf nodule. The slice is sprinkled with cinnamon powder or activated carbon. After feeding with nitrogen-containing fertilizer.
It is made in two ways:
- Radical - cut, root cuttings.
- Gentle - spring pruning.
Tops are used for grafting. Cut 6 cm, sprinkle the cut with activated charcoal. Dried for 3 hours, planted.
Pruning is done immediately after winter rest. The order was considered earlier.
Does the plant have a dormant period?
Winter is a period of rest. From October to March, abundant moisture stops, most of the greenery is cut off, and the temperature is cool.
Watering and other water treatments
It is watered all year round with clean water. Better melt or rainwater. The tap is cleaned of various impurities, filtered.
Water hardness can be mitigated:
- Wood ash: liter of water - 10 grams
- Fresh peat: a liter of water - 15 grams
- Oxalic acid: bucket - 0.3 grams
The temperature in spring and summer should be a little warmer than room temperature. In autumn and winter - a little cooler. In this case, the crown should be protected from moisture.
It is necessary to maintain moderate, regular hydration. Sharp fluctuations in heavy watering and drought adversely affect the state of the crane.
In summer, watered daily. In autumn, the frequency of watering is reduced. Until spring - the beginning of a new flowering season.
Do not spray.
To watering was effective, you should pick up a pot, the volume of which would correspond to the root system. Optimal: height - 15 cm, diameter - 25 cm.
It is better to purchase clay: plastic retain moisture, the roots rot.
Once a week, it is necessary to stimulate growth, strengthen the roots: pour iodine solution (1 liter of water per liter).
With prolonged inclement weather, watering is reduced. With drought increase.
- No holes in planting pots to remove excess moisture.
- From autumn to spring, frequent, plentiful watering continues.
- A sharp fluctuation in watering from abundant, frequent to scarce, rare.
It is made in the spring - in the summer. Every month two times. First pritenit (if it is long under sunshine), then water, make fertilizer.
Apply one-component dressing: phosphorus, nitrogen, iodine, potash.
You can use complex, where there are various minerals.
Fertilizer mixtures are applied according to the attached instructions.
REFERENCE. Organics are added every three years, being careful. Otherwise, the plant may die.
Diseases and pests.
It is covered with down, gray spots. The reason is excess moisture.
It should be cleaned of dead areas, treated with fungicides.
From infection with a fungus. Leaf plates turn yellow, then blacken, flowers are covered with a spider web.
It is necessary to loosen the soil, eliminate nitrogen fertilizers, remove diseased parts, apply fungicides.
Leaf plates are covered with rusty yellow spots. Rot, blackness appears.
ATTENTION. It is treated effectively until blackening appears.
Dead fragments are removed, treated with fungicides.
Not enough mineral fertilizers.
The rim of the leaf blades has brightened - not enough nitrogen.
The whole plant turns yellow - sulfur deficiency. Old leaves are stained - not enough magnesium. If new - a lack of iron. A yellow spot indicates the absence of phosphorus
Treatment is a balanced complex fertilizer.
Fungal disease. The stem is affected. The reason is heavy soil.
It is useless to treat.
Leaf plates curl up, wither. When a disease is detected, it is already useless to treat.
Prevention is done with drugs. Ridomil, Previkur.
The buds are drying
Not enough phosphorus, boron. The reason may be dry air, heat.
It is necessary to do foliar top dressing, to create the optimum temperature - 18 degrees, moderate hydration.
CAUTION. Do not abuse nitrogen. Otherwise it will be without inflorescences.
It multiplies rapidly. Drinks juice: leaves curl, dry.
Affected fragments must be removed, processed Fitoverm.
Signs: cobweb, white dots on leaf blades.
Use drugs Fitoverm, Akarin.
Small worms eat roots. Processing is useless with anything. Soil, plant destroy.
How to reanimate?
When it dries completely, it is necessary:
- Inspect the bush. When preserving a living trunk, remove for the winter: find a cool place. In the spring, new stems may appear.
- If the trunk is also dry, dig out the root and soak. He can give roots.
- To plant.
- Timely transplant
- Suitable pots
- Moderate hydration
- Draft Protection
- Proper top dressing
- Pest control
- Timely removal of yellow leaves.
By conducting competent prevention, any disease can be cured.
Useful and harmful properties
The aroma of the leaves disinfects the air. Pathogenic bacteria are destroyed.
Home energy is improving. It serves as a charm against negative emotions.
Leaves, juice, stems are used to treat: colds, calming the nervous system. They treat headache, blood pressure, gastrointestinal tract, sore throat, runny nose, toothache, ear pain. Helps to remove kidney stones, eliminate pain of the spine, joints. Help fast falling asleep, healing burns.
Juice, oil, decoction are widely used in cosmetology.
Essential oil improves well-being, normalizes acidity, improves digestion. Relieves neurological pain. Used in the treatment of lupus, sclerosis.
When applying, it is necessary to dilute with olive oil, sesame.
The most common problem is allergy. It manifests itself as a headache, cough, swelling, nasal congestion. If this happens, get rid of the geranium.
Medicines prepared on its basis are contraindicated in case of: increased blood viscosity, low blood pressure, stomach ulcer, individual intolerance. Do not use for children under 3 years old, pregnant women, the elderly.
- The main mistake is the lack of lighting. It should be kept by the window, where there is a lot of sun. In summer you can on the balcony. Otherwise, the beauty of the pet becomes extinct, loses splendor, brightness.
- Unsuitable pot size.
- Overfed with nitrogen. Only one green mass grows. It is better to fertilize with a universal mixture.
- Lack of rest period from December to February. Need winter care. Cannot be trimmed.
- Lack of formation. It is necessary to do pruning and pinching in the spring. Otherwise, a huge bush with crooked half-naked stems will grow.
- Low (less than 10 degrees) temperature. Optimum - 18 degrees
- Excessive moisture. There is no drainage. Rotting roots
- Lack of moisture. Leaves dry at the edges
- Depleted soil. It is necessary to transplant every 3 years
Question. If hot tap water is diluted with cold, will it be suitable for irrigation?
Answer. Their chemical composition is identical. If soft, you can use it.
Question. The geranium has dried. How to recover?
Answer. It is necessary to fill the container with warm water for 10 minutes, until air bubbles are released.
Question. How is air humidity maintained?
Answer. Put a container and water. Or use a special humidifier.
Question. What material is better to use for drainage when planting?
Answer. Broken brick, small pebbles, expanded clay.
Learn more about geranium care in the video below:
The beauty of pelargonium does not bring much trouble. But the house fills with positive energy, tranquility and strength. Each dwelling should have such a modest, but reliable and strong crane.