All about taking care of Zamioculcus or dollar tree
Zamioculcas (Zamioculcas) is a large evergreen plant from the aroid family. Grows in the form of a bush. His homeland is the eastern, mountainous part of Central Africa. The leaves are leathery, small, located on long branches.
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The stalk is thickened, short. The root system is a lot of tubers bulging slightly from the ground. In a room or a winter garden, zamioculcas can reach a height of 1 m. Currently, several dwarf varieties are grown, whose growth does not exceed 60 cm, which is very convenient for small rooms.
Reference! Until the mid-90s of the last century, this plant was practically unknown to a wide range of amateur gardeners. Only in 1996 he was first presented at a flower exhibition in Holland, and in 2007 the first cultivar was created - a miniature form.
Zamioculcas is now increasingly popular. He is valued for his beautiful appearance, unpretentiousness and ease of care. The second, popular name of Zamioculcas is the dollar tree.
According to the traditional Chinese doctrine of Feng Shui, it is believed that he, like the fat woman (money tree), is responsible for the financial well-being of the owners of the house.
And if the plant is healthy, well-groomed, with clean leaves, then the wealth in the house will grow.
Currently, you can buy this flower in almost any flower shop, and its prices are not so high.
Zamioculcas care after purchase
Immediately after the purchase, you do not need to transplant the plant. Wait a few days, let it acclimatize in the new conditions and in the new microclimate of your house.
For planting, a ceramic or clay pot is best, because the roots of Zamioculcas are powerful and, when they grow, can simply break the plastic container.
The volume of the pot should not be large, about 3-4 cm more than the diameter of the root system.
Growing conditions or how to care for it?
Growing zamiakulkas at home is not at all difficult. You just need to remember the initial growing conditions. Its homeland is the mountain plateaus of Central and East Africa. Therefore, he loves warmth, bright sunlight and very moderate watering. Let's consider some features in more detail:
During the period of active growth (from April to September), the temperature will be optimal +25. It also tolerates an increase to +30.
In summer, Zamioculcas can be taken to fresh air, where the plant will feel very good. In winter, during the period of rest, the temperature should not fall below +12. Sudden changes and drafts can not stand.
Spray with settled warm water, not often, about once a week and little by little.
The leaves are periodically cleaned from dust with a damp cloth (you can use special polishes to give them shine). It will be very good if you put the pot with the plant in a pan filled with wet moss or small pebbles, which are moistened from time to time.
He loves bright, but diffused light. Shade from direct sunlight, otherwise burns may appear on the leaves. You can put on the south, southwest window or a place near the window.
When do you need support?
Adult specimens of Zamioculcas can reach a height of 1 m.
In this case, the branches under their own weight will decay to the sides and the plant will fall to one side, which can lead to the fact that the flower branches can break.
As a support, you can use a ring of durable wire, or wooden.
Where better to put a dollar tree?
While the plant is young and small, for it, as mentioned above, the south or southwest window is suitable. Large flowers are very good at outdoor exposure.
What does it look like in the interior?
The flower will look good in any house or apartment. Its shiny leathery leaves look very impressive. But still, large plants are better placed in a spacious room, because in a small room there is a chance that the branches can be broken.
Photo in the interior
In indoor conditions, zamioculcas rarely blooms. For this, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for him, one of the main ones is observing the temperature regime in the winter period.
If all goes well, the plant will delight you with flowering.
The inflorescence is not quite ordinary - it is a corn cob, white in color with a yellowish tinge, bordered by a greenish bedspread.
The bud comes from the base of the flower, from the ground itself, just like the leaves. From a botanical point of view, the structure of the flower is very interesting. The upper part of the cob consists only of male flowers, and the lower part is only of female flowers. Moreover, they are separated by several rows of sterile flowers. It is clear that with this arrangement, self-pollination of the plant is impossible.
Under natural conditions, pollination is most likely caused by insects. Naturally, the flower remains dustless in the room.
If you really want to get Zamioculcas seeds at home, you can try to pollinate it manually. To do this, take a soft brush and gently transfer pollen from the pistils of male flowers to the stigmas of women.
The best time to transplant Zamioculcas is spring. Young plants are transplanted annually.
Adults - only when the roots begin to crawl out of the drainage holes. The pot is taken quite a bit larger. Be sure to pour drainage, about 1/4 of the pot.
The soil should be light, moisture and breathable, with an admixture of sand. It is possible to add expanded clay in its fine fraction. A substrate is suitable for cacti and succulents.
The root system of Zamioculcus is a dense tubers, rather fragile. If they are damaged, the plant may die.
Therefore, it is better to transplant by transshipment, with a lump of land. At the same time, tubers cannot be completely covered with soil. They should be open at the top by about 1 cm.
Very large, adult plants do not transplant, but simply replace the topsoil in the pot with a new, more fertile one. To do this, carefully, so as not to damage the tubers, take out 5-6 cm of soil, and then just as carefully pour fresh.
Propagation at home
Zamioculcas is propagated most often by division during transplantation. The tubers are peeled and gently separated from each other. Each leaflet should have a leaf with a kidney and several roots.
Young plants are planted in separate small shallow pots. For the first time after planting, care for them consists only in a very limited watering. The first top dressing is introduced only after a new young leaf appears.
Zamioculcas can also be propagated by leafy cuttings.
To do this, carefully cut off a leaf with a kidney with a sharp knife at the base of the plant. Place the cut immediately sprinkled with activated carbon powder.
The resulting stalk is dried for several hours. Then it is planted in a container filled with loose soil, slightly buried and slightly watered. The container with the handle is placed in a warm place, without direct sunlight. Usually, the roots appear after a month. But it is possible further, so be patient.
Cuttings are watered exclusively by spraying, infrequently and little by little. To speed up the process, you can cover it with plastic wrap on top to create a greenhouse effect and reduce evaporation. However, in this case, it is necessary to ventilate the container with cuttings from time to time in order to avoid their decay.
Zamioculcus pruning is necessary for crown formation plants, improving its illumination, removing yellowed, diseased or bare branches.
Using pruning, you can give the crown of the plant the shape of a ball.
It is best to trim during active growth, in spring or summer. If you do this during a period of rest, winter sleep, the branches will be weak and pale, the appearance of the plant may deteriorate.
Plant rejuvenation is the separation of an old, overgrown Zamioculcus bush during its transplant.
In addition to forming pruning, anti-aging is also performed. This means that you need to remove the old, lost the decorative appearance of the branch. After pruning, stumps of ugly sticks often remain at the base of the plant. They can be very carefully removed during transplantation.
Caution! Zammokulkas juice contains substances that, upon contact with the skin, can cause burning and redness, and allergic reactions in the form of a rash. Therefore, all work on transplanting, planting, reproduction and pruning should be carried out only with rubber gloves. But for this reason, you should not refuse to grow such a beautiful, spectacular flower. When he stands on a windowsill or on the floor, he does no harm to anyone.
Watering year round should be very moderate. As the saying goes, “it’s better not to underfill than to overfill,” because the roots are rotting from waterlogging.
The excess water from the pan must be drained immediately, preventing it from stagnating.
Water in the summer when the soil in the pot dries well. In winter, even less often, 1-2 times a month is enough. Thanks to tubers, a thickened stem and dense wax leaves, the plant, like succulents and cacti, has the ability to accumulate moisture, and then spend it as needed.
Attention! Overflow for Zamioculcas worse than drought!
Fertilizer and fertilizer
During the period of active growth (from April to September), they are fed 1-2 times a month, not more often. Commonly used fertilizers for cacti and succulents. The concentration of the solution for feeding can be made less than indicated in the instructions for use of the drug.
In general, with feedings, the situation is the same as with watering: it is better to underfeed than to overfeed. Young, freshly transplanted plants of Zamioculcus are not fed until new fresh leaves begin to appear.
Important!In winter, during the dormant period (from October to March), feeding is stopped.
Diseases and Pests
Zamioculcas is very rarely affected by pests and diseases. Sometimes scale insects, spider mites or aphids appear on it.
If they are found, the plant itself and the soil in the pot must be carefully treated with a solution of a suitable insecticidal preparation.
If you do not want to use chemicals, you can try some folk remedies to control pests. For example, from a spider mite, pollinating a plant with ground sulfur is carried out (this must be done outside the living room).
Also a good effect is obtained by treatment with a tobacco solution of low concentration. To get rid of aphids, sometimes it is enough just to wash the crown of the plant under a strong stream of water (at the same time, the earth in the pot must be covered with a film so as not to fill the tubers).
Stains on the leaves may be due to infection with the fungus. To combat it, you must also use the appropriate drugs. The appearance of diseases is usually the result of improper care. For example, with excessive watering or stagnation of water in the pan, stem rot is observed - the leaves begin to dry out and gradually fall off.
How to revive a houseplant?
Often the question arises: how to reanimate a plant that has begun to rot?
You need to immediately get it out of the pot, gently free the roots from the ground and carefully inspect them, rinse thoroughly in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Cut off all rotted places with a sharp knife, clean to a healthy tissue. Sections must be sprinkled with activated carbon powder. Let them dry for several hours.
Meanwhile, the pot is also treated with a potassium permanganate solution, filled with fresh soil and planted again. Do not water it for a while. In the future, so that there is no trouble, you need to try to avoid mistakes in care.
Consider some of the most common errors:
- Excessive watering. Signs: leaves turn yellow and gradually dry. The roots and stem begin to rot. Transplant, and immediately.
- Inadequate lighting. The plant loses its color, the branches become thin and stretch. Appearance worsens. Rearrange to a more suitable, lighted place.
- Insufficient air humidity. It is especially important in the winter period, when dry air comes from the hot batteries. The tips of the leaves become dry and brittle. More often spray with warm, settled water or put a pot with a plant in a pan filled with wet moss, expanded clay, pebble, shells, which need to be moistened from time to time.
Attention! If the old leaves turn yellow, but young branches with green leaves appear, this is normal, just trim the old leaves.
Zamioculcas grows very slowly. Moreover, this does not depend on the conditions of its maintenance, it is exactly the same in nature, this plant has such features. Sometimes it can just “freeze” for a while, not grow at all. No need to be scared, it's okay. If the plant looks healthy and there are no pests, all is well.
Quite often, when growing Zamioculcas, questions arise.
Why is he growing poorly? Why doesn’t it give new shoots?
There may be several reasons: insufficient lighting, a small small pot, improper planting - buried tubers or lack of a layer of drainage in the pot, too low temperature, drafts during winter dormancy.
Maybe the plant has recently been bought or transplanted and is just getting used to new conditions.
How often does it bloom?
In indoor conditions, zamioculcas blooms very rarely, and if it blooms, then in an adult state.
It is necessary to create the most optimal conditions for it, but even so, young plants will most likely not bloom.
However, as in any rules, there are exceptions, and for some gardeners who are very fond of their pets, zamioculcas can bloom at an earlier age.
What to do if a branch breaks?
Gently, with a sharp knife, cut it off at the very base of the stem and be sure to sprinkle the cut with activated carbon powder.
According to numerous reports from amateur gardener forums, the main reasons for failures when growing Zamioculcas in indoor conditions are excessive watering, as well as poor conditions during winter dormancy, when the plant needs a low air temperature combined with humidity.
Although zamiokulkas relatively recently began to grow as a houseplant, he has already managed to win the love of gardeners. The plant looks very impressive in the interior, while caring for it is not particularly difficult. It is ideal for busy people who can not spend much time with their pets and often leave home.