Tomatoes "De Barao" - a variety of tomatoes that will not let you down
Making a decision about growing tomatoes on a personal plot, each gardener thinks about the right choice of a vegetable crop variety. The determining factors here are climate conditions, soil type, and features of care.
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Variety "De Barao" - one of the most popular types of tomatoes, which can be grown in closed and open ground.
Variety "De Barao" medium late ripening period. You can enjoy the fruits in late July-early August.
Characteristics of the bushes
The variety is indeterminate. The height of the bush is 3 m. Since the bush is tall, supporting structures must be installed for cultivation.
It is able to form lateral shoots and long internodes.
Leaves of dark green color, medium size.
The photo on the left shows bushes of the tomato variety De Barao.
Flowers and fruits
Inflorescences are simple in shape and compact in size. The formation of the first inflorescence occurs at the level of 9 or 11 leaves.
Minor variations are allowed according to variety.
The formation of inflorescences is carried out 3 leaves after the first. Fruits are oval-ovoid. The sizes are average, the weight of one tomato is 60-70 g. Although the fruits of the Royal “De Barao” can reach 120 g.
Taste is excellent, so you can use the crop for fresh salads and preservation.
Harvesting can begin from 115 days after planting. From 1 m2 you can collect 7.5 kg of tomato.
When transporting tomatoes do not deteriorate and retain their choice of goods.
The variety is perfect for those people who grow tomatoes for sale.
The main advantages of the variety “De Barao” include:
- universality in terms of the application of the harvested crop;
- high productivity;
- unpretentiousness and resistance to diseases;
- attractive appearance of the fruit;
- great taste and balanced composition.
De Barao has the following disadvantages:
- To get a big crop, you need to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse;
- some varieties of the variety are able to produce tomatoes with a juicy and tender core, and it is not suitable to use them for conservation;
- in the vicinity of an indeterminate variety, this will adversely affect the growth and development of other types of tomatoes;
- when planting seedlings needs a spacious garden;
- hard peel near the stalk.
Photo tomato “De Barao”
Variety De Barao is presented in several varieties. Each of them has its own peculiarities of growing and harvesting.
“De Barao” black
This is a rare and ancient variety, so finding its seeds is not so simple. It differs in an unusual color of fruits. The pulp is of dense consistency, so it is great for preservation.
“De Barao” pink
The variety is characterized by low productivity. From 1 bush you can get 3-4 kg. Great for indoor cultivation. The peculiarity of the subspecies in the beautiful pink color of the fruit and excellent taste. The weight of tomato is 70 g, has a thickened peel.
“De Barao” giant
The bush is tall and powerful. When grown in a greenhouse is not demanding in care. Matures later than everyone else. Tomatoes are large, weight 210 g. Plum-shaped, red color.
“De Barao” red
This is an amateur subspecies. Its peculiarity is an increased concentration of carotene in tomatoes. The height of the bush reaches 3 m. The growing season is 4 months.
The shape of the fruits is plum-like, the skin is thick, the color is orange. One tomato weighs 70-100 g. Suitable for growing in open ground or under a film. Harvested is used fresh, for conservation.
“De Barao” royal
The plant has a height of 250 cm. Large-sized fruits - 130 g, pink and raspberry color. On one brush, 6-7 tomatoes are formed. Duration of fruiting is 3 months.
De Barao Gold
It is characterized by high productivity. From one plant you can get 7 kg. The mass of one tomato reaches 90 g. They have high palatability, orange or yellow color, and the vitamin composition contains carotene.
Planting and reproduction
The cultivation process should begin with planting seedlings. It is necessary to prepare wooden boxes.
Fill them with a nutritious mixture and think over drainage holes. First lay a layer of expanded clay, and then the soil.
The soil can be bought ready-made in a specialized store. Self-production of the nutrient mixture is based on a mixture of peat and sod land.
Planting material dispersed to the surface of previously moistened soil. Lightly crush the ground.
Cover the drawer with foil to achieve a greenhouse effect. For germination, observe the temperature regime of + 18-20 degrees. Landing events should be held in the first half of March.
Interesting! Flowering of the variety “De Barao” lasts until the fall, and in warm weather fruiting continues.
If packaged seeds are used for planting, then they do not need to be prepared in advance.
For planting material collected from their own beds, preparation is needed.
Soak the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate. Self-prepared nutrient mixture should also be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and hardened.
Every day to remove and air cover material seedlings. Otherwise, they may lock up. As soon as sprouts are formed, remove the film.
To prevent the plants from stretching, it is necessary to extend the daylight hours using additional lighting. After the formation of the first true leaves, you can proceed to picking. Growing seedlings in room conditions lasts until May.
Attention!You need to dive seedlings of this variety with the appearance of several leaves on the bushes.
Subject to all the rules of agricultural technology, you can get strong and beautiful bushes, bringing a high yield.
Irrigate tomatoes only with standing water using a sprayer.
Watering is carried out every 3-4 days. On 1 m2 leaves 8-10 liters of water.
And although tomatoes are moisture-loving plants, waterlogging is not permissible. This is fraught with rotting of the roots.
Attention! Since “Da Barao” is a tall variety, watering must be carried out under the root.
If seedlings were sown in March, then at the end of May it can be transplanted into the open ground. Before this, the seedlings are hardened, taking it out every day. Plant seedlings in the garden in early June.
To do this, prepare the holes, placing them at a distance of 90 cm. Lay humus or compost there. This will speed up the plant survival process.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
In total, during the growing season, top dressing is used 2 times:
- Conduct the first top dressing in early June. To obtain a solution, take 10 l of water, 500 ml of mullein, 2 tablets of micronutrient fertilizers, 20 g of nitrophoska, 5 g of boric acid. For 1 plant leaves 1 liter of solution.
- The second feeding is carried out in early July. Take 10 liters of water, 500 ml of mullein, 2 tablets of micronutrient fertilizers, 20 g of potassium sulfate. For 1 plant leaves 1 liter of solution.
Transplanting seedlings into the greenhouse is necessary for 60-65 days after germination.
Remove the lower stepsons, and tie the whip.
It is necessary to grow a tomato in a greenhouse together with regular watering.
Use warm water. Irrigate 2-3 times a week.
Be sure to loosen the soil immediately after watering, as this procedure promotes the penetration of air to the roots. Fertilizers are used the same as when grown in an open bed.
Regular ventilation in the greenhouse will help prevent the development of diseases. You can harvest at the end of August. Pluck fruits unripe.
From the video below you can learn more about growing this variety in a greenhouse:
Diseases and Pests
De Barao's tomatoes can hit various pests and diseases. This occurs when non-compliance with the rules of agricultural technology.
Table 1 - Pest and tomato disease control
|Disease / pest||Symptoms||Methods of struggle|
|Mosaic||The color of the leaves changes, yellow and green spots appear.||Remove the affected bush, and treat the soil with a solution of copper sulfate. For prevention, spray the bush with a solution of milk (10 l of water, 1 l of milk).|
|Late blight||Fungal disease, manifested in the form of brown spots on the fruits, leaves.||Barrier (10 L of water per 100 ml), Oksikhom (10 L of water for 2 tablets).|
|Brown rot||The affected bush withers and then dies.||Screening|
|Fomoz||A brown stain forms near the stalk||Foodnazole, Barrier.|
|Medvedka||Insect gnaws at the base of the stem||Thunder or infusion of vinegar (10 liters of water per 0.5 liters of vinegar).|
|Colorado beetle||Nibble the leaves of the bush||Prestige|
|Spider mite||The presence of cobwebs and small parasites on the inside of the leaf.||Karbofos (60 g per 10 liters of water).|
Adhering to these simple rules in the cultivation of tomatoes De Barao, you can enjoy fresh and tasty fruits during the summer.
Learn more about growing De Barao tomato from the video below: