27 varieties Photo descriptions and important care rules
Representatives of the Gesneria family are loved by flower growers for interesting shades of leaves and flowers. One of the beauties of this group is the description (photo below).
When caring for a plant, it is enough to follow just a few rules. You can grow an epistle both with a compact bush and an ampelous flower.
Description of the types of description
More than 40 types of description and countless varieties are combined by colorful leaf coloring and small, but rather bright flowers. The aerial part is first formed into a compact bush, but grows very quickly in long shoots.
Many species produce a mustache, at the end of which already formed small bushes grow. When the pot stands with other plants, such processes willingly occupy the living space of neighboring flowers.
Important! The root part of the description is quite massive and consists of a long thick stem with lateral branches - which means that you need a wide pot.
Large leaves are close in shape to an oval with a pointed apex. Their surface is covered with short villi, which leaves an imprint on the intricacies of caring for the plant. Shades are amazing in their variety.
Even green plates shimmer with several colors from light to emerald-bog, to say nothing of variegated varieties, where incongruous is combined - tiger patterns of silver and brown, pink and red, even blue and burgundy tones.
Flowers bloom in the summer. They look like expanding from the base of the tube with a little bent 5 petals at the top. The color is most often monophonic in red-orange or white..
But there are varieties with blue flowers, for example, the variety Emerald Velvet. Buds appear on elongated peduncles from the middle of the bush and delight with their beauty for 1.5–2 months.
Varieties and names of the description mainly reflect the color of leaves or buds.
Carnation (Episcia dianthiflora)
White flowers, reminiscent of cloves, gave the name to this species. The impression is created thanks to the edges of the petals with a long fringe. The leaves are green, oval in shape, with small notches along the edge and dark veins in the center.
Episia copper (Episcia cupreata)
Differently called red for the corresponding shade of foliage and yellow-scarlet buds. A similar appearance has a varietal variety of lilac description - Blue nile, whose flowers are not red, but blue.
Creeping Episcia (Episcia reptans)
A common view with silver streaks on the background of dark green leaf plates. Despite the velvety nap, the surface appears glossy, especially in sunlight. The flowers are small, but bright, carmine-red.
Description Chocolate Soldier (Episcia Chocolate soldier)
The leaves of this description combine 4 shades at once: brown-green main color, silver streaks and blue-blue specks on the entire surface. All this splendor is shaded by contrasting flowers of burgundy tone.
Description Forest Beauty (Episcia Silvans beauty)
The delicate variety is painted in a green palette with a lighter center, the corollas are pink or red.
Description of Northern Lights (Episcia Northern light)
The shining leaves of this species give pearlescent reflections and a glossy surface. Flowering is not so bright, although the buds are painted in a rich red tone.
Episcia Silver Sheen
The variety is very similar to the previous one, but slightly different in leaf shape - the edges are divided into 2-3 segments by several furrows.
The color is more green, especially on the border, and the silver tone is concentrated in the center. The buds are larger than that of the Northern Lights, but the same red hue.
Large leaves with pronounced pubescence and as if wrinkled furrows over the entire surface. The main green color can be diluted with silver specks. The flowers are white or lilac with a light border.
The main tone of the plant is brown. The surface of the foliage is rough, a net pattern appears due to light veins in the light. The buds are modest in red and yellow.
Quite a large view with oval glossy green leaves (veins light green). The flowers are yellow, with a rich hue in the center and pale along the edge.
The elegance of classic green leaves gives a symmetrical pearl pattern along the lines of the veins. The name of the variety is given for bright lemon corollas.
A variation of the decor with frosted leaves in burgundy-olive colors and orange-yellow buds. Similar to the Strawberry mist variety, whose leaves are also burgundy purple.
Medium in size. A pattern of dark olive spots and silver-pearl veins organically forms on the foliage. Classic bloom in red and orange.
The lime green color of the variety Faded jade is diluted with thin white stripes of the central veins. The flowers are few, red with a yellow core.
The appetizing name of the variety is given for an amazing network of pink veins on a chocolate-emerald background. Even the flowers are memorable - white with a fringe along the edge.
The variety is distinguished by its miniature size - the bush is only 10-15 cm in diameter. The leaves are olive green, the central grooves are white with a pink undertone.
The leaves of the Tiger stripe cultivar are swamp-colored and the furrows form a mesh pattern. From tiger coloring only flowers in orange-yellow tones.
Pink acajou has a delicate color - silver-white with pink specks scattered across the surface.
The main tone of the foliage is silver-green, the bordering of the plate is brown-purple.
Shiny leaves are slightly highlighted in the center against the background of the main green tone, and chocolate spots are scattered all over the surface. Flowers are like the sun, delight with their yellow petals.
While the leaves of the variety are young, they are painted in pink and green. Over time, the coloring becomes darker, swamp and brown shades prevail. Jim’s Sea of love has similar metamorphoses of color.
The leaves are large, with several shades of light green, the flowers are yellow. Degas hybrid varieties are similar in size and green.
Aloha mauna loa
On the surface of the leaves of the Aloha mauna loa variety, a tortoise pattern is formed - a brown background and green-burgundy veins.
Against the background of the opaque swamp-silvery leaves of the Pink panther in the flowering period, bright pink buds contrast.
Foliage combines chocolate and pink shades, while the corollas remain classic red.
The watercolor color of the leaf plate is smoothly graded from the silver center to the pink border and the dark green rim along the very edge. Sea foam flowers are red-orange with yellow throat.
Cherry-red bumpy leaves in the light give a pearly shine.
A few rules for those who want to buy essays
The further development and difficulties that the florist may encounter depend on the correct choice of flower in the store. The leaves of the essay should initially have a saturated color.
Important! Do not take a plant with leaves dying at the base.
Transplantation, choice of soil and place of planting
If the crown has grown over the entire width of the pot, then you need to look under it and examine the soil. It should not be overdried or covered with a light coating.
In the store is immediately buy suitable soil with neutral acidity. At home, it is recommended that you first put the pot in partial shade so that the plant adapts a little.
After 2 weeks with moderate watering, you can set the description to a suitable place for it. It is recommended to transplant a plant from store soil in 1-2 weeks after purchase.
How to care for an episode
To preserve the beautiful color of any variety of description, it is necessary to create suitable conditions for the bush. This is not so difficult, especially if you immediately choose the right place for the flower.
The video will tell you about the proper care of the episode
A small video will reveal the intricacies of the content of the description.
Lighting and air temperature
If the pet does not have enough light, it will not bloom profusely and maintain the diversity of the leaves. This does not mean that the pot should be placed under the sun, but daylight should not be shorter than 12 hours.
Important! Delicate pubescent foliage from direct sunlight is covered with brown burns. Therefore, it is impossible to expose the stress to the description, especially when it stands on the southern windowsill.
The plant feels best on the eastern and western windows with additional illumination in winter. Otherwise, for example, Malay ebony will lose its red veins without exposure.
A comfortable air temperature for the description is in a small range 18 to 24 ° C all year long. In winter, it is important to consider the lowering of the thermometer near the window, the possibility of cold drafts, which adversely affects the flower.
How to water
Unaccustomed watering method - through the pallet. So moisture will not get on the leaves and trunk, which will prevent their decay.
Water correctly as follows:
- to defend water and soften it with peat or citric acid;
- pour water at room temperature into a basin or pan to a level of 2/3 of the pot;
- put the description in the container for half an hour;
- clean in its place and drain the water from the pan after another 15 minutes.
The frequency of the procedure depends on the season.. From spring to autumn, the earth is moistened immediately after drying of the upper layer, and in winter it is better to wait another 2-3 days.
The flower grower may have difficulties with this microclimate parameter, since Episodes need high humidity, but you can’t spray it. We offer several solutions to this problem:
- Put the pot on a wide tray with a layer of expanded clay or small stones. In this filler constantly pour water, which during evaporation will increase humidity.
- Place a humidifier next to the flower.
- If there is a technical possibility, to equip a mini-greenhouse for description, from where moisture will not evaporate quickly.
How to transplant an episode
It is recommended that transplantation be transplanted annually in early spring before the active growth phase. It is important to choose the right pot, soil and carefully transplant.Pot should choose wide and not too deep.
At the bottom of the flowerpot, wide drainage holes are mandatory through which water will soak the soil when watering from the pallet.
Soil is recommended to be made from equal parts of sand, earth and peat. Pieces of moss and charcoal will improve the breathability of the substrate. The acidity of the finished composition should be neutral (5.5–6.5).
Itself transplantation is carried out together with an old earthen lump. The bottom of the new pot is covered with expanded clay and new soil, and then the plant is transplanted.
You should not plant the bush deeper than it was in the previous substrate, otherwise the trunk may rot.
Descriptions are suitable mineral top dressing for flowering plants. Only dilute them better in half lower concentration than recommended on the label.
Fertilizer applied throughout the active season from spring to autumn 2 times a month in water for irrigation through a pallet.
How to properly form a bush of description
The description grows rapidly and without control will turn into unattractive thickets. All or at least part of the mustache with sockets is cut and planted in separate pots.
Attention! It is enough to shorten the ampelous epithesis after flowering by a quarter or a third.
Propagation of home-made epistasis
There are 3 main propagation methods in the description: shoots, cuttings and seeds.
Vegetative propagation of the description
The plant itself produces several offspring adapted for independent growth. So that they take root “Baby” is dug up with earth in a separate pot, not cutting off from the mother bush.
If the young process is no longer associated with adult epistemology, then first it is better to put it simply in the water. After waiting for the roots, prepare the substrate and transfer the outlet. It is recommended to maintain an air temperature of 25 ° C and high humidity during germination.
About the propagation of an epistemion leaf
Reproduction by leaf takes longer than processes. A sheet cut with a clean knife is processed by Kornevin and put into water for 2-3 weeks. About another in a month, the stalk planted in the ground will begin to give young leaves.
It is very difficult to propagate an epistemy seed.
- It is necessary to fill the soil in a shallow container and moisten it.
- Put seeds on top without falling asleep.
- Cover with a film.
- Keep the greenhouse at 25 ° C, open the film daily and spray the soil.
Important! When propagated by seeds, a varietal identity is lost, since sprouts rarely become like a mother plant.
Why doesn’t the bloom and other care problems
Although the flowers of the description are small, every owner of an exotic pet wants to wait for them. But often they do not appear, in addition, the grower, when the plant is kept, may encounter other problems.
If the epithesis does not bloom
No buds? Most likely, care errors are critical. First check the watering mode: The soil must not dry out or float in water. A lack of fertilizers or an excess of nitrogen in them is also not accompanied by flowering.
Other causes of this problem:
- partial shade location;
- low humidity;
- insufficient air temperature.
Important! In a too large pot, the exot spends its main energy on the growth of foliage, not flowering.
Yellowing description due to several reasons:
- the soil is oversaturated with fertilizers;
- the flower is too hot;
- low humidity;
- excess sunlight.
There was a gray coating on the leaves
The fungus in the form of a gray coating appears on the leaves in a rarely ventilated room and from old soil. Such conditions easily provoke mold.
Brown spots appeared on the leaves
It is contraindicated for a heat-loving pet to water with cold water - from thisbrown spots appear on the leaves. The same situation can be caused by spraying or moistening the soil from the ground.
The episode does not grow
Growth stops if the exotica is cold. Lacking nitrogen and a lack of light are harmful to the pet.
Leaves turn yellow and rot
If the plant is watered with cold water or not to reduce the amount of moisture in winter when the temperature drops, then the leaves may begin to turn yellow and rot.
Buds and leaves twist and fall
Low humidity or high temperature provoke curling of leaves and dropping buds.
In addition to the consequences of improper care, an episode can be affected by infection with pests or fungi.
Disorders of the disease
On pubescent leaves a mealybug, root rot, or aphid can settle.
Advice! It is best to prevent their appearance by proper care, since fungicides can cause no less harm to the appearance than parasites.
Pest control will have to be done by spraying or rubbing the leaves on the underside with insecticide solutions (Fitoverm, Aktara, Iskra).
The description with colorful patterns on the leaves can please even a beginner grower, you just need to give her a little attention and care.