Indoor sour - blooming beauty
Oxalis oxalis, or indoor - a perennial herbaceous plant from the acid family. Rhizome is a tuber from which creeping shoots extend. Leaves of complex shape, can be a traditional green shade, purple, variegated (variegated).
The birthplace of the flower is the spruce forests of Central America, Europe, and Russia.
Is it possible to keep acid at home?
Most varieties of perennial plants suitable for growing at home. The sour tree feels fine in potted conditions, produces flower stalks, gives fruit.
Under natural conditions, a herbaceous plant produces peduncles between May and July. Flowers have an interesting ability - they open in the morning and close at night. Such garden species are popular as martian acid, ferruginous, nasturtium, carob.
Some varieties of oxalis can bloom almost year-round with proper care..
Interesting! Some buds fully open in clear weather, remaining half-closed in cloudy weather.
A separate corolla blooms for only a few days, so the plant replaces wilted with new ones. With this feature, flowering can continue uninterrupted for several months.
Signs and superstitions
From ancient times, it is believed that acidic acid is able to charge the home with positive energy, give the owner a craving for life, improve well-being, and cheer up.
The house where the perennial grows is able to maintain an atmosphere of lightness, happiness. The plant is considered ideal for children, as it is able to protect from the evil eye, evil thoughts, calm sleep.
Kislitsa is a great holiday gift for families who believe in miraculous power. Such a gift can solve personal problems, improve the well-being of a married couple.
Types of acid with photos and names
There are a large number of plant varieties intended for home cultivation.
Violet or triangular acid (Oxalis triangularis)
The evergreen herb is known for its unusual color. Kislitsa triangular has purple leavesdivided into 3 equal triangular parts.
The height of the shoots reaches 30 cm. The flowers are collected in small inflorescences of 3-5 pcs., A snow-white shade, funnel-shaped, with five petals.
Kislitsa Depp, or four-leafed (Oxalis tetraphylla)
The birthplace of perennial is hot Mexico. The plant is compact, shoots rarely exceed 40 cm. Leaves of complex shape, composed of 4 identical heart-shaped segments, green.
The flowers are attractive, pale pink, with a greenish core. The variety has a long flowering period: from June to October.
Common Oxalis (Oxalis acetosella)
A low-growing herbaceous plant with shoots of only 5-10 cm in length. The leaves are complex, divided into identical segments, green. Petioles are flexible, have a slight pubescence along the entire length.
The flowers are single, large, white in color with obvious veins. Edible foliage, contains a large amount of oxalic acidused for making salads.
An elegant species of perennial, characterized by large pink corollas, beautiful heart-shaped green leaves. Plant height varies from 20 to 30 cm.
The shoots are flexible, covered with thin hairs. In regions with a mild climate, it is possible to grow a flower in the garden.
Oxalis versicolor multicolored or multi-colored
Well-developed, branched bush with a large number of shoots. The peculiarity of the species is the funnel-shaped bicolor buds. The inner part of the petals is painted white, the outer has a bright pink border.
This variety can be called ground cover: the height of the shoots rarely exceeds 10 cm. With prolonged growth in one place perennial forms a beautiful "living carpet". Sour flowers of a violet hue, large, on short peduncles.
Oxygen is well established in the room. The plant is unpretentious, which makes it popular among beginners in floriculture.
What to do immediately after purchase?
Having brought home indoor acid, you need to give her time to get used to the change of scenery. It is not recommended to immediately water, transplant, feed the plant.
Important! Indoor oxygen should be acclimatized within 7-10 days, after which they begin standard care for perennials.
The optimum for acidity is + 20 ... 25 ° C. In winter, these figures can be lowered to +15 ° C. Lowering the air temperature below negatively affects the health of the plant - the sour acid begins to shed leaves, the flower growth slows down.
Lighting, comfortable place
The herb is photophilous, however does not tolerate direct sunlight. Ideal upkeep on western or eastern windowsills.
To maintain a decorative appearance, remove dried leaves, peduncles. It is important to do this during the rest period of the sour.
Attention! Pruning can stimulate the active growth of the pot culture: for this you need to slightly shorten the shoots.
Sour house normally tolerates shaded places. However, the grower should prepare for slow growth, inactive flowering, if the crop has been in the shade for a long time. Violet leaves may fade from lack of lightTherefore, in winter it is recommended to organize additional illumination with lamps.
In the cold season, the flower hibernates, restores strength. In winter, it is recommended to move the acid to a cool place, reduce the frequency of watering, and stop spraying the foliage.
When and how to transplant?
Young sour acid actively builds up the root system, therefore transplant is required annually. It is recommended to carry out manipulations from April to May, when the plant finally "woke up" after a period of rest. An adult flower requires a transplant in only a few cases:
- the shoots have grown too much;
- plant disease.
The transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment of an earth coma:
- Carefully remove the acid from the old pot.
- At the bottom of the new tank, pour a layer of drainage (expanded clay, perlite, polystyrene).
- Move the acid to the new pot.
- Fill the voids with soil.
At the end of the transplant, water the flower abundantly.
What soil to use?
The easiest option is to buy a ready-made universal primer for indoor plants in a specialized store. You can prepare the soil mix yourself: mix turf, humus, leafy ground, peat, river sand in equal amounts.
Universal primer is completely ready for use. Self-made soil needs to be treated from parasites by calcination or short-term freezing, you can also spray with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Which pot is needed for the plant?
For growing acid at home Ceramic flowerpots with a hole in the bottom are recommended to remove excess moistureplastic containers are also acceptable. The pot should be shallow, but wide, since the root system of the perennial is nodules growing in breadth.
Each subsequent container during transplantation should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. Do not use too large flowerpots: in this case, the plant will spend all its strength not on flowering, but on building up the root mass.
Several methods are used to increase the acidity population. The most popular are described below.
Planting material is selected in March. Tubers cut off from the mother bush are placed in a common container, lightly sprinkled with soil. Until the roots appear, a constant temperature should be maintained at + 10 ° C, periodically moisten the earth.
The first roots will appear after 15-20 days. 1 month after planting, the temperature should be raised to + 20 ... 25 ° C.
Advice! Tubers ready for planting at a permanent place should be washed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
During the planned transplantation of acid, you need to carefully, using a sharp knife, divide the mother bush into several parts. Each new plant needs to be transplanted into an individual cup.
It is possible to sow seeds in both individual and common pots. It is important not to deepen the planting material, otherwise the seedlings will have to wait a long time.
The containers need to be covered with plastic wrap to maintain the internal microclimate until sprouts appear, the humidity should be at a constant level. Viable seeds germinate 10-14 days after sowing.
Attention! It is possible to transplant young acids into pots when 4 real leaflets appear.
Using a sharp knife, you should separate the stalk from the mother bush, drop it into a container with wet sand. After 20 days, the stalk will give roots and will be ready for transplanting to a permanent place.
Compound fertilizer recommended only during active sour growth, it begins from the moment of awakening after a period of rest.
You can use only liquid complex fertilizers diluted in water according to the instructions from the manufacturer.
Feeding is carried out with an interval of 15-20 days.
Possible problems when growing
A beginner grower may encounter some problems when cultivating even such an unpretentious plant like sour.
Why doesn’t bloom?
Often the reason for the lack of flowering is disturbed dormancy. In this case, the flower is depleted, the perennial lacks the strength to form peduncles. Another possible reason is excess minerals.
A grassy flower is considered a crop resistant to many diseases. However, improper care can lead to some problems:
- Decay of the root system. It is characterized by wilting shoots, they become translucent, fragile. The reason is over watering. Oxygen can be saved by transplanting into a new container with dry soil.
- Sunburn occur when direct rays hit the foliage of a flower. In this case, the acid must be removed in a shaded place, and the affected shoots removed.
With too dry air, the foliage begins to dry out, curl. You can solve the problem using a household humidifier.
The most dangerous for the flower are the following insects.
Bugs of green color, the places of their accumulation are streaks on the foliage, from where they suck out the plant juice. Insect damage leads to drying out, the death of leaves.
It is possible to fight aphids with the use of insecticides "Aktara", "Inta-Vir", spraying perennial with a strong solution of laundry soap 72%.
Insects of relatively large size, distinguishable on foliage with the naked eye. Like aphids, they feed on plant juice. You can save the acid with timely processing by “Aktara”. The positive effect is also noticeable after mechanical processing of the leaves with a soft brush dipped in soapy water.
Small insects with wings actively move to nearby plants. For the fight, it is recommended to treat with “Aktara” and “Fitoverm” drugs.
Sprinkle and flowers adjacent to the sour.
The parasite gives itself out as a thin cobweb on the leaves, whitish bloom. It is possible to combat the spider mite using chemicals - Akarin, Aktellik.