Stonecrop caustic - cultural weed or garden decoration?
Perennial herbaceous plants occupy a special place in the beds of many gardeners. They were loved not only for their attractive appearance, but also for the ease of care. The most popular perennials include sedum, or sedum.
The plant is also known under the names "rabbit cabbage", "hernial grass", it is able to decorate any area with small yellow flowers-stars.
Botanical characteristics and the birthplace of the plant
Sedum caustic, or stonecrop, is a perennial herbaceous succulent, a species from the genus Sedum, a typical representative of the Tolstyankov family.
The plant has numerous dense stems, tending upwards, covered with small fleshy leaves. Flower with 5 petals, 4 sepals. Inflorescences differ in a crown shape.
A grassy undersized plant, does not exceed 15 cm in height. One succulent gives a lot of side shoots with thick small leaves.
Dense, fleshy leaves are designed to accumulate inside the liquid, which is characteristic of all succulents. Inflorescences are spreading, strewn with small yellow flowers.
Stonecrop is planted in small groups that form a dense green carpet. Succulents acquire the most decorative appearance during the flowering period, which is clearly visible in the photo of flower beds. The root system is thick, dense, well developed. This explains the ability of plants to accumulate moisture, to survive in the driest places.
Is it easy to grow?
Cultivation of a plant in a summer cottage does not differ in increased complexity. Planting and caring for garden succulents is simple, even a novice can handle it. It is important to follow simple rules of care, similar to growing many ornamental plants.
Varieties and their photos
There are many varieties of sedum intended for cultivation at home. The most famous of them are presented below.
The foliage is oval. The green hue is replaced by a golden one during the flowering period from May to July. The variety is not frost-resistant, requires annual shelter in the winter. If the rule is not observed, the flowering intensity decreases noticeably, the plant may die. Stonecrop varieties Aureum is used to design alpine slides, borders.
The main feature of this grade of stonecrop is the shade of the leaves. It ranges from a classic green tint to a bluish, purple. The flowering is plentiful, the height of the peduncle reaches 30 cm with lateral shoots up to 15 cm. Stonecrop Elegans feels good among stones, grows rapidly.
Ground cover plant, the height of which varies from 5 to 10 cm. In saturated sunlight, the leaves become pinkish. Variety Minus is frost-resistant, does not require shelter in the winter.
Growing at home
A “cultivated weed” requires no more attention than other succulents. It is important to follow the simple rules of growing a plant in order to get the most effective result.
Choosing a place to land
It is possible to provide abundant flowering by planting ground cover plants in an open sunny area. Both direct sunlight and light partial shade are acceptable.
Important! Sedum can grow in the shade, however, under such conditions, the plant will not bloom.
Soil and fertilizer
A great advantage for many gardeners is that stonecrop is undemanding to soil. The plant is able to survive in clay, infertile, rocky soil. However, in order to obtain abundant flowering, sedum is recommended to be planted in a loose substrate, consisting of clay, sand, humus, wood ash.
On fertile lands, stonecrop is able to do without additional fertilizing. With depleted soils, the application of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in the spring is required.
Watering and humidity
Thanks to the developed root system, the plant is able to accumulate moisture. This feature is good for arid regions. Watering is necessary only in the summer. In spring and fall, stonecrop can be content with minor natural precipitation.
Waterlogging can lead to decay. Watering the plant is recommended no more than 1 time in 10 days.
To rejuvenate the groundcover it is recommended to remove dry, diseased, deformed shoots once every 4–5 years. Every year it is required to prune dry flower stalks at the end of the flowering period. To understand that the procedure is required, you can chop flowers, yellow leaves.
Stonecrop is adapted to lower the temperature. The plant tolerates small frosts well without additional shelter. However, when growing in cold regions, shelter is required with the help of several layers of burlap, a plastic film.
Advice! Instead of a film, you can use a thick layer of fallen leaves, which will play the role of a natural shelter.
Possible growing difficulties
Beginners in gardening may encounter the following difficulties:
- Slow growth. A young plant can spend energy on rhizome growth, while the outer part of the stonecrop grows slowly. Slowing growth may occur before flowering.
- Root decay begins with waterlogging of the soil. You can save the plant by reducing watering.
- Excess fertilizer threatens with yellowing, falling leaves.
Possible problems can be prevented by a preliminary study of the nuances of care, cultivation.
Diseases and Pests
Stonecrop is non-toxic, therefore susceptible to pest damage:
- Aphid, weevils suck the sedum of sedum. The flower fades, traces of pests are visible on the leaves. A large colony of insects is visible with the naked eye. How to get rid of pests? You can fight with the help of currant insecticides: they act in the most gentle way for the plant.
- Sawfly Caterpillars eat juicy leaves. They can be destroyed mechanically, distracted by cabbage leaves.
- Nematodes - thin worms affecting the rhizome. In this case, there are swelling on the roots, at the base of the shoots. Unfortunately, the affected plants are subject to destruction. On the soil where the nematodes developed, it is permissible to grow only garlic and marigolds.
Stonecrop susceptible to such diseases:
- Fungus arise due to high humidity. Disease prevention - only watering control.
- Neurosis of shoots, leaves. You can fight the death of a plant by removing the affected parts.
Most problems when growing plants can be avoided with moderate watering. mandatory control of the amount of fertilizer applied.
"Cultural weed" is easy to propagate. There are several easy ways.
This method of increasing the plant population is used by both beginners and professional gardeners. The breeding algorithm is as follows:
- Planting seeds is necessary in early March. The immersion depth of the seed should not exceed 1 cm.
- Seed containers should be covered with a film, placed for 14 days in a cool place. It is important to maintain constant humidity until seed germination.
- After 14 days, the seeds should be placed in a warm place (up to +18 ° C).
While maintaining optimal conditions, the first seedlings appear after 25-30 days. Pickling seedlings is made from the moment of the appearance of several true leaves.
Propagation by cuttings
For reproduction, exclusively young, healthy shoots are selected. They need to be separated from the mother bush with a sharp knife. Cuttings are planted in containers with nutrient soil.
It is important to maintain constant humidity until the plants are rooted. Planting at a permanent place of growth is allowed after 14-20 days.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the mother bush is carried out in April, when the snow will completely melt, and the earth will warm up a bit. For reproduction, you need to dig a bush, divide it together with the root system into several parts.
Advice! Sections should be treated with fungicide or activated carbon to prevent disease damage.
Before planting, delenki must be dried for 3-4 hours in a cool place. Then the cuttings are ready for planting at a constant place of growth.
Use of caustic soda
Beautiful blooming succulents can become an ornament of any site. The plant is used for planting on alpine hills, along borders. Stonecrop is a groundcover plant, from it you can form original flowerbeds, carpet compositions from several undersized garden flowers.
When planting a stonecrop of caustic variety Yellow Queen, protective gloves should be used, since the juice of the plant can cause burns, skin irritation.
In folk medicine, homeopathy, sedum juice, its leaves are used as a diuretic, diaphoretic, laxative. Plant-based drugs are used to treat jaundice, anemia, epilepsy. The most popular forms are ointment, decoction, infusion.
Important! Drugs should be used only with the permission of the attending physician. Categorically contraindicated medications from sedum to pregnant, lactating women.
Video of sedum caustic: