When and how to transplant indoor flowers
Each indoor flower as it grows needs a transplant to increase the volume of the pot and update the substrate. By nature in the natural habitat, such sudden changes in conditions are not provided, therefore, the procedure causes stress in the plant.
In order for the pet to adapt faster, it is recommended to follow the simple rules of transplantation.
When to transplant flowers
To find out when to plant indoor flowers, you need to know the cycle of their development. Most plants have a dormant phase when they cannot be disturbed. More often this period occurs in the winter months, therefore it is better to transplant in March or April. If such a moment is missed, then the procedure can be carried out later (until the end of September).
By time of day you need to focus on the morning (up to 10 hours) or evening (from 16 to 20 hours). It is especially important to consider this rule in the summer, when the active sun worsens adaptation after transplantation during the day.
How to check for a transplant
The need for regular transhipment is explained by the fact that most representatives of the flora cramped diseases, stop growing, bloom or lose foliage. The reason for this is the increasing need for nutrients, moisture, while depleting the soil.
Important! Some species of plants bloom only after the pot space is completely filled (for example, anthurium andre). Such specimens, on the contrary, are best left in cramped conditions and transplanted only after flowering has ended.
You can notice a number of external signs, with the appearance of which the need for transplantation becomes apparent:
- Filling the roots of the entire volume of the pot and even peeping through the drainage holes at the bottom.
Tip: to check this parameter, you need to dig a small hole at the very edge of the pot. If the roots are visible, a transplant is required.
- Quick drying of the soil after watering. This means that the plant does not have enough substrate to absorb the necessary amount of moisture.
- Slowing down the growth rate of the plant under the conditions of keeping and regular application of fertilizing.
- Yellowing and shedding of both young and old leaves. If such a sign is unique, then the appearance of diseases and pests should be excluded.
- White coating on the inside of the walls of the pot due to an excess of salts and soil oxidation. Green color on the surface of the soil also indicates a violation of the balance of trace elements.
- The previous transplant was carried out more than 3 years ago.
The method of transplantation, sparing for roots, is transshipment together with an earthen lump. Here is a detailed plan on how to do this:
- Expanded clay 2 cm thick is poured at the bottom of a new flowerpot.
- Add new primer (also 2 cm).
- With a garden spatula or knife, carefully separate the earth from the edges of the old pot.
- Next, you need to take out the plant. With small sizes, it is enough to turn the pot over, holding the flower by the base. With large dimensions, you can pull the trunk up or put the pot on one side, tap the walls with your palms and remove the flowerpot from the roots.
- Put a flower with a lump of earth in the center of the new pot.
- Cover the free space with a fertile substrate, tamping it lightly. It is important to check the resistance of the plant in a new position.
- Sprinkle with earth a layer of 1-2 cm.
- Pour from a watering can, with strong shrinkage, add more soil.
Advice! All manipulations are recommended to be performed with gloves, since the juice of the plant can cause allergic reactions to the skin.
What to do before transplantation
Before transplanting, you need to buy everything you need in advance. When choosing a pot, you must correctly determine the desired size. In height and width, it should be no more than 5 cm larger than the previous one.
If a new pot is purchased for transplantation, then it is washed from the inside with plain water. Old flowerpots should be thoroughly washed before the procedure from the previous soil. This will prevent the development of pathogens that could remain in the used pot.
It is better to soak clay or ceramic containers for a day in a soap solution, and then wash from the inside with a brush.
Important! At the bottom, it is necessary to check the presence of drainage holes, especially in newly purchased pots.
Before transplanting, fertile soil is bought or made in accordance with the type of plant. Ready-made substrates for most varieties of indoor flowers, balanced in composition and acid-base balance, are sold in stores.
Self-prepared mixture will have to be disinfected, especially if one of the components is garden soil. The substrate must be shed with a hot solution of potassium permanganate, and can be kept in an oven at 70 ° C for 30 minutes.
Correct Transplant Techniques
To make the plant easier to take out of the flowerpot, it should be abundantly watered 1–2 hours before transplanting.
The roots should be inspected for signs of decay. Brown areas are trimmed with a knife or pruner.
In the new container, the flower should be at the same depth as in the previous pot.
Favorable days for transplanting houseplants
Like any living creature, indoor flowers are influenced by the satellite of the Earth. According to the phases of the moon, flower growers determine which days the plant will tolerate the transplant.
According to the calendar transshipment recommended to the growing moonWhen flower juices are actively moving up, the stems become more flexible. The flower will receive fewer injuries, therefore, will recover faster.
When not to transplant
Unsuitable time for transshipment is from October to March. During this period, all life processes in the plant are slowed down, the ability to absorb trace elements from the soil is lost. Roots in case of transplantation can rot, there is a high risk of ruining the flower.
An exception is those species of indoor flora in which the active growth phase occurs in the winter. For them, the optimal transplant timing is the opposite of the generally accepted.
The flower you just bought in the store needs to be replaced with a substrate, but it is better to let the plant adapt to the new microclimate for 1-2 weeks, and then transplant it.
It is recommended to postpone the transplant in the event of an early flowering, when in June most plants begin to appear buds. Do not disturb the household during the flowering period.
This will lead to wilting and premature dropping of the corollas. It is recommended to change the pot 2-3 weeks after the last flower falls.
For some diseases, it is worth considering whether it is now possible to transplant a flower or wait:
- The yellowing of the leaves and rotting of the roots are eliminated, normalizing the conditions of detention. Optimal soil moisture, a change in the lighting regime and the exclusion of drafts can restore the plant to decorativeness, while an unreasonable transplant, on the contrary, can lead to the death of a weakened flower.
- Lack of foliage and lack of flowering may result from a lack of moisture or an excess of sunlight. To correct the situation, it is enough to adjust these parameters.
- The appearance of pests is also often manifested by falling and yellowing of foliage. At the same time, you can notice an extraneous plaque on them or the insects themselves. For treatment, the plant is treated with an insecticide.
After transplanting, the plant needs rest to restore strength. To do this, it is recommended to put the pot in partial shade, excluding direct sunlight. The room temperature should be maintained within the range of 18 ... 20 ° С.
Watering the plant is needed only after the soil has dried. Roots after transplantation absorb moisture very slowly, therefore, excessive watering can cause them to rot. Fertilizing can be done no earlier than a month after the transplant.
The flower is transplanted immediately into an oversized pot. After the procedure, the plant is often watered or fertilized. This makes adaptation difficult, since under stress the roots slowly absorb moisture and minerals.
The speed of subsequent recovery depends on which moon was transplanted. Therefore, the execution of the procedure in the decreasing phase is also considered an error.
Sunburns on the leaves are possible even from the usual lighting regime, so it is recommended to remove the flower in partial shade after transplantation.
Potted Flowers Transplant Calendar - 2019