We grow lemon from a stone at home: how to succeed
Blooming or fruiting lemon on the home windowsill today is no longer a rarity. Looking at a tropical miracle, many think about how to grow a lemon from a seed. Experienced gardeners argue that with the right approach and patience, you can hope for success.
We will talk about how to get a flowering lemon tree from a small seed at home.
Will it grow up at home?
If someone thinks that it is enough to plant a seed in the ground, and it will sprout itself, he is deeply mistaken. People’s experimenters answer affirmatively when asked if it is possible to grow lemon from seed. True, the first fruits, he will delight you in 8 years, or even later.
Besides a strong desire, you need to carefully study how to sprout a lemon and take care of it, find out which varieties are suitable for home growing.
Suitable varieties for successful cultivation
For all the time that home gardeners are trying to get fruits from a lemon grown from seed, they have identified the best varieties of plants. These included:
Great for home maintenance. With proper care, it abundantly bears fruit.
A variety specially bred for home growing. The tree grows to 1.5 meters. The fruits to taste are similar to those obtained in natural conditions.
It is distinguished by high growth (up to 2 meters) and a sweetish taste of fruits. The weight of one lemon can reach 500 grams. The aroma of the leaves is clearly felt even over a large area.
The variety was obtained by crossing lemon and grapefruit, so its fruits are slightly bitter, they have a lot of seeds. The height of the tree is 1.5 meters. Attracted the attention of gardeners unpretentiousness and a quick response to care.
Unlike Ponderosa, this hybrid of lemon and grapefruit gives sweet and sour fruits. Growth of an adult plant varies from 1.5 to 2 meters. The variety needs a seasonal vacation.
The probability of fruiting a plant
Whether the plant obtained from the seed will bear fruit is a question that worries many novice citrus growers. However, even experienced craftsmen do not give a 100% guarantee that this will happen. A resident of the tropics needs special conditions that are difficult to create at home, and even in an area with a temperate climate.
The most optimistic forecasts say that the first flowering of the plant can be expected only by 4–7 years of age. However, you can increase the chance of obtaining fruit with the help of a scion. One thing is for sure: home-made lemon will bear fruit without vaccination only with carefully observed rules for caring for it. So, let's see how to organize the cultivation of a tree from a tiny bone.
Phased cultivation of lemon from seed
If you want to succeed in the form of flowering and ripening of fruits at home lemon, carefully follow the instructions from experienced citrus growers. Every step is spelled out in it, starting with acquiring a bone of the desired variety.
How to prepare a bone for landing?
To increase the chances of obtaining sprouts, take two ripe lemons. Cutting them in half, choose the largest bones. To successfully form the root system, the bones are treated with biological stimulants. As a rule, Epin-Extra or Zircon preparations are used.
The nutrient mixture is prepared from 250 ml of water and one drop of the drug. Bones are soaked in it for 12 hours. This procedure increases the immunity of seeds, they better tolerate a lack of light and dry air.
A shallow container with a height of 5-6 cm (for example, a plastic cup) is suitable for planting seeds. Before backfilling, holes are made in the bottom for drainage.
Lemon seed needs a loose, slightly acidic soil rich in phosphorus. The store sells ready-made soil, made specifically for growing citrus fruits. With independent preparation of the soil for planting, you need to take humus, peat and sod land in equal proportions, sift them through a sieve. We plant a bone:
- At the bottom of the pot, pour 1.5 cm of expanded clay or crushed coal, which will play the role of drainage.
- Then pour in the soil and moisten it slightly.
- In the center of the container, make a hole 2-3 cm deep and place 2-3 stones in it.
Now about how to sprout a seed:
- Provide seeds with weak watering in the regime of spraying the soil 2 times a week.
- Make sure that the temperature does not fall below +18 ° C.
- On cool days, cover the containers with film, leaving air to access the seeds. Wait for the sprouts to appear.
Attention! Planting the seeds to a depth of more than 3 cm leads to rotting of the seeds. With a shallow fit, the bones lack moisture and they die.
The bones turned out to be healthy and strong, and after 2-4 weeks you saw the first sprouts. Wonderful! Now begins the most crucial time when you need to try to consolidate success and help the plant grow successfully.
First you need to leave in pot 1 (the strongest) sprout of lemon from the seedif all planted seeds have sprouted. Then, waiting for the sprout to appear two full leaves, it is transferred to a large tank with the same soil composition.
Water the lemon sparingly, about 3 times a week. If there is heat, watering is adjusted to 1 time every two days. Checking whether a plant needs watering is very simple: if the land is dry to the depth of the phalanx, then it is time to water.
For irrigation prepare settled or filtered water at room temperature. High salt water is suitable for lemon. He also liked the chlorinated water from the tap. Hard water can be softened by adding nitric acid to it.
The tree grows, its root system multiplies, it needs more space. In the first year, the plant is transplanted 2 times, while taking a flowerpot more than the previous 5-6 cm (in diameter). At the age of 3 years and up to 5 transplantation is carried out 1 time per year.
An adult tree is transplanted every 3 years.
During the first two months, the sprouts do not feed. Then the nutrient mixture is applied once every two weeks. Lemon needs complex fertilizers. You can buy mixtures such as Ideal or Zdraven in the store. They are specially formulated for citrus fruits with the addition of boron, manganese, zinc.
The active phase of growth in lemon occurs in February-September. During this period, he needs mineral top dressing (“Zdoro Turbo”, “Pokon”, “Bona Forte”). Humus solution is also suitable. Starting in November, feeding is stopped until February. In winter, the plant can be fertilized with ash 2 times.
The stopping of the plant is necessary for the correct formation of the crown and future fruiting. Begin the procedure by pinching the upper bud when the tree grows by 20 cm. Pinch the lateral branches with a growth of 18 cm. The first flowers appear on the fourth-order branches.
Propagation by cuttings
They begin to cut the lemon when the tree for the first time takes off. After collecting lemons, you can proceed to the selection of cuttings. Take it from the side healthy branches. Young shoots of branches and those that are covered with a hard bark are not suitable for a stalk.
Start cuttings in April, taking material from branches that grew in the fall. Cut a piece into 2-3 kidneys, leaving the first 2-3 leaves. Then they are immersed in a solution with a stimulating drug ("Kornevin", "Epin"), incubated for a day and transferred to a pot with soil (1 part of calcined sand per 1 part of light soil).
The surface of the soil is covered with a layer of sand and the stalk is covered with a glass jar. Such shelter will prevent the loss of moisture that is needed to grow a strong root system. They hold improvised greenhouses on windows with a small influx of light or cover them with matte paper from the sun. Periodically watered with water, the temperature of which is 2-3 degrees above room temperature. Root formation begins on the 2nd – 3rd week.
When will the fruits appear in lemon grown in various ways?
The timing of the first formation and successful ripening of the fruits depends on the way the tree was received:
- Saplings grown from seeds bear the first ripened fruits in the 8–10th year of life.
- Plants obtained by cuttings begin to bear fruit on the 3-4th year.
- The grafted trees rejoice with fruits already in the second year after their vaccination.
Diseases and Pests
Preparing for the fact that with such difficulty a grown pet can get sick is difficult. The tropical guest, like other plants, is attacked by pests. Scabies, spider mites, aphids start on a tree for various reasons, but most often due to poor care. The plant also suffers from various diseases. Let us dwell on the types of diseases.
The disease is associated with a violation of the formation of chlorophyll in plant leaves. Visually expressed in the yellowing of the leaf plate and the preservation of green color in the veins. Experts believe that the development of chlorosis is associated with a lack of iron in lemon. Ferovita solution is used as a therapeutic agent (1.5 ml of the drug per 1 liter of water). They spray the lemon once a week in the evening.
It is impossible to determine root rot at the beginning of infection. The main sign of the disease is a massive fall of foliage, wilting of shoots. To make sure the presence of the disease, carefully remove the plant from the pot and check the root system. All decayed and dead root processes are removed, and the plant itself is transferred to a new soil.
Attention! The plant should not be watered for the first week after transplantation due to root rot; it is only allowed to wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
Late blight is a complex and difficult to treat disease. Most often it appears on trees grafted to an orange. The carriers of the disease are ordinary vegetables that we bring from the market or from the store. When cutting tomatoes, eggplant or zucchini, spores of the fungus are released, which enter the plant through the air.
When infected, dark spots of a watery nature appear on the bark of the tree. After a while, they swell and burst, gum is released from the resulting crack. Once in the ground, it exudes an unpleasant odor.
To treat the plant, fungicides with copper content (solution of copper sulfate) or such special agents as Profit, Albit, Ordan are used. After trimming the affected areas of the bark, roots and shoots, it is necessary to treat the affected areas with 10% copper sulfate.
External signs of gummosis are very similar to late blight. The disease is noted on the plant with dark red spots, only they do not swell, but simply crack, and gum comes out of them. The cause of the disease can be “dirty” soil, deep planting, mechanical damage to the plant.
To cope with the disease, you must remove all affected areas and treat lemon with 3% solution of copper sulfate. After treatment, cover the wounds with garden honey.
One of the most dangerous lemon diseases. Refers to viral infections, has many strains. It is expressed in the whitening of leaf veins, the gradual death and decay of leaves, stunting. The disease is very fast and cannot be treated.
Unfortunately, a tree infected with three hundred will have to be destroyedto save other plants.
It is one of the most fatal diseases of the lemon. It manifests itself as a characteristic mosaic pattern on the leaves: leaf plates are covered with white spots of varying severity, light yellow rings and asterisks. The cause of leaf mosaic virus infection is poor plant care.
By removing infected parts and ensuring proper care, the plant can be saved.
Tip. If you have more than one lemon tree at home, then it is better to destroy a plant that has become sick with leaf mosaic.
A serious disease, methods of dealing with which do not exist. Infection occurs through the stomata of the leaves or as a result of mechanical damage. The first signs appear on the leaves in the form of dark brown convex spots. The disease affects the fruits and bark of the tree.
With the further development of lemon cancer, the branches die off, the plant dies.