Fire flower or just gloriosa, 15 photos
Fans of exoticism will not pass by gloriosa.
This plant carries many names. Some call "Fire flower", due to the motley color and shape resembling flames, as well as habitats in a tropical climate.
Others call her “Queen of flowering vines”, thanks to flexible shoots and bright greens. Still others say that gloriosa is heart of africa.
Gloriosa (from Lat “Gloriosus” - glorious, glorified) - a herbaceous perennial having a tuberous rhizome. The shoots are flexible, thin and very fragile.
They cannot curl, but they have large, bright green, flat, with a pointed apex leaves, which are called lanceolate. However, it belongs to the winding vines.
The plant grows no more than 3 m. Arrangement of leaves three in a row or opposite each other. The buds grow on a long stem and have a double color. Blossom in the cavities of the upper leaves.
Petals (up to 7 pieces in 1 flower) rush down, perianth leaves stretch. They have a long (up to 10 cm), wavy edge, which affects the appearance of the bud depending on the variety.
Stamens are prominently located under the bud. The finish is yellow with the transition to orange or red. The plant blooms throughout the summer season, and some species capture September.
Interesting Facts! The plant comes from Sri Lanka, Nepal, Asia and Africa. It is considered a symbol of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a nationality in Zimbabwe, therefore it is protected by law. In Australia, the flower is called a poisonous weed, which leads to the death of animals and plants.
Types of Gloriosa
Gloriosa luxurious or magnificent (gloriosa superba)
It grows in clay soil. Shoots reach up to 2 m.
The leaves grow in 3 pieces on one stem measuring 10x3 cm. The flowers are red, wavy, the border of the flower is yellow. Petals curves up to 8x2.5 cm.
Gloriosa simple (gloriosa simplex)
This type of flower reaches a height of up to 3 m.
The stems are long, thick and branched. The bud has 6 even petals with wavy edges up to 5 cm. The color is yellow-green.
Gloriosa Rothschild (gloriosa rothschildiana)
The stalk is straight, large, but curls with age.
Leaves are flat with a pointed apex up to 8 cm. Petals are bent, wavy in shape. Color from pink to bright red, the base is yellow.
Or a dwarf plant, up to 1 m high.
The stem is knotty, thin. Petals with wavy edges. The color of the flower is raspberry with a yellow streak around the edge. Inside is a brownish-violet hue.
It has the only difference from its predecessors - the petals are straight, smooth, bent up. Solid color, lemon color.
Gloriosa yellow (gloriosa lutea)
Like Gloriosa Grena, has a yellow color of petals. They differ in that the petals have wavy edges and a pale green base.
A kind of Rothschild. It differs from it in large petals of a bright yellow color and a blurry red base. Wavy petals, lanceolate leaves.
Interesting! At home, only luxurious gloriosa sprouts (magnificent). It was this species that allowed us to derive another 6 varieties of the plant.
Features of growing gloriosa at home
Location and lighting
Gloriosa is a thermophilic plant and even home conditions must correspond to natural.
The plant is comfortable in the sun or in bright, diffused lighting. Direct sunlight destroys him. In the summer, you can transfer to the eastern or southern windowsill, balcony or garden.
In winter - it is placed in a greenhouse or garden, where there is artificial lighting close to sunlight. If the flowers were without lighting, they are gradually accustomed to sunlight or artificial light.
Important! You should not place the plant under an ultraviolet or bright LED lamp.
The sharp instability of the temperature norm leads to death. The main condition is to avoid placement in open spaces.. In windy or stormy weather, it is better to put flowers in the leeward of the room.
The necessary temperature for comfortable growth is 20-25 C. In winter, the room temperature drops to 5-10 C. A bouquet of gloriosa is transported at 6 C.
Flowers require a high air humidity of 50 - 70%.
For convenience and constant monitoring, expanded clay or pebbles are poured into the pot stand, then poured with water and a flower pot is placed. The main thing is that the roots of the plant do not touch the water.
During the evaporation of moisture, humidity rises. In summer, spraying is carried out, which not only increases moisture, but also removes dust. However, during dormancy, increased humidity should be avoided.
Important! Spraying is carried out with boiled, warm water during a hot or heating period. Drops on inflorescences should be avoided.
Water for irrigation should settle and be warm (neither hot or cool). The signal for the need for watering is the dried topsoil and active growth.
During the hot or heating season, regular watering is required up to several times a day. It is not recommended to allow complete drying or flooding of the layer.
In the autumn, when the leaves turn yellow, the amount of water for irrigation is reduced. After falling flowers, watering flowers is not required.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
So that fertilizing and fertilizing do not lead to empty results, you should pay attention to the soil before planting or transplanting. Ideal is sheet soil + humus with the addition of peat and sand in a 2: 1 ratio.
To avoid root decay, it is recommended to make a drainage. Under the soil layer, stones are added, for example, expanded clay or pebbles, and then the soil is already laid out.
Gloriosa prefers organic and mineral fertilizers in liquid form. As an option, fertilizer for indoor plants "Ideal", "Uniflo - bud." Divorced according to the instructions.
Florists recommend alternating mineral dressing for domestic plants with the same infusion of mullein or bird droppings. Fertilizes the soil in the spring every two weeks.
Due to the rapid growth and fragility of the stems, the plant needs a garter. Due to the weak antennae, the flower is deprived of the opportunity to reliably cling to the support, which as a result leads to a breakdown of the stem or bud.
As a reliable support use a plastic mesh or bamboo grate. It is attached to a pot or railing near the plant.
Alternatively, pull the twine and fix the shoots on it. The use of a conventional pencil or other design that is stuck in a pot leads to root injury and the death of gloriosa.
To stimulate branching and increase buds, the shoots are not pruned or clipped, and you should tie them with a woolen thread or jute as in the photo.
When the stem reaches 70 - 80 cm, you should bend the tip down.
Advice! It is recommended to plant flowers in a flowerpot without a garter, so they will grow below, and not grow up.
Due to the fact that the buds appear at the top of the stem, the plant cannot be cut. After cutting off the gloriosa, new shoots will appear only after complete regeneration, which can take from several months.
If there is a need for a minimum stem height or the size of the whole plant, it should redirect the shoots to the desired sidesat.
The main condition is a careful approach to the process of changing the direction of growth and the young age of the flowers. Otherwise, the grower will face the problem of breaking the stem or flower.
The dormant period is the time at which the flowers stop growing and blooming. Preparation begins in early autumn, when the buds and leaves turn yellow and fall.
From November to February, a period of rest sets in.. At this time, the tuber can be dug up or left in a pot.
- storage temperature - 8-15C;
- dark place with low humidity;
- no watering and fertilizer required.
In the case of digging a tuber, it is cleaned of soil residues, then wrapped in polyethylene, buried in a pot of sand or put in a cardboard box. So the tuber is stored until the end of February.
Diseases and pests
Gloriosa disease begins with the influence of adverse factors. Such as:
- insufficient lighting;
- planting a damaged tuber;
- low or high humidity, as well as excess watering rates;
- temperature difference;
If symptoms of the disease are detected, it is necessary to eliminate the source, then the plant will recover.
|1||Slow growth and lack of flowering||· When planting, a damaged tuber was used;|
· Violation of storage conditions during the rest period;
· Insufficient lighting.
|Diagnosis of the condition of colors. If the problem is coverage, growth will resume after the decision. If the case is in the tuber, it is necessary to separate the diseased root from the healthy one in order to prevent the death of the plant.|
|2||Slowed growth, darkening of leaves||Check the room temperature and reduce watering.|
|3||Yellowing leaves||Increase air humidity or increase watering volume.|
|4||Sluggish, soft shoots, drooping leaves with yellowness at the base||Provide drainage and drying of the soil.|
As for pests, gloriosa is afraid of ticks, scale insects and aphids. The problem is solved by preventive spraying with chemical solutions to scare away and destroy insects.
If damaged by parasites, the plant must be treated and separate healthy tubers or stems from the affected.
It occurs in two ways:
- Division of tubers.
- Seed germination.
This video shows how to plant gloriosa tubers
It is considered the fastest growing method. I separate the tuber by the cut method, which is necessarily processed with coal. It is planted by a kidney up, to a depth of 3 cm. After the appearance of a stalk above the soil, watering begins and the support is prepared.
This is a long process. From the moment of planting the seeds until the first flowering occurs, at least 2 years pass. Sow seeds since mid-February. A pot or bowl is filled with peat with black soil and covered with thin glass.
The vessel with seeds is placed in a ventilated room with temperature up to 20-24C. Appeared sprouts are thinned out by separation and planting in vessels.
In the next video, you can watch the process of planting a plant with seeds.
The toxic properties of gloriosa
Not just because it is called a poisonous weed. The fact is that any part of the plant contains colchicine poison in an amount of 6 mg. The result of a full dose of poison entering the body is the death of a person or animal.
The ingestion of part of colchicine leads to nausea, vomiting, renal failure and hair loss. In individual cases, an allergic reaction of the skin or respiratory tract is possible.
Due to the toxic properties of gloriosa, it is recommended:
- Use caution when caring, transplanting and growing;
- To expose a cache-pot in the place, unavailable to children and animals, to avoid accidental contact or swallowing of a part of a plant.
Important! If any symptoms of poisoning appear, you should immediately contact a medical institution.
Queen Lian or Fire Gloriosa - A bright decoration of any garden or plant corner in the apartment. She is not whimsical, but requires strict adherence to the norms and rules of care.
Despite the toxic properties, the plant is used in folk medicine in India, Asia and Africa. There are also preparations based on gloriosa superba (gloriosa is magnificent).
With the help of herbal ingredients, occurs complex treatment and prevention of inflammation, gout and tumors. A colorful bouquet of gloriosa will complement the wedding image of the bride or will delight a woman no worse than a rose boutonniere. People say that flowers not only kill, but heal and cheer up.