Blooming abutilon: types with photos and features of care
This plant is able to charm the grower so much that he will fall out of love with all the others. After all, Abutilon does not require special attention, but generously gives juicy greens, and from February to November pleases with many bright flowers.
Abutilon: photo and description of the plant
This plant is not only beautiful, but also useful.. Other name - Cable car, since the stem of the flower contains up to 25% of the strong fibers that are used to weave ropes, twines, bags. This is well-known in China, where they grow a flower as a crop.
But the main purpose is decorative. Abutilon belongs to the genus of evergreens: shrubs, shrubs, herbs. Usually, a domestic flower grows up to 1–1.5 m, in natural conditions - up to 4 m. But breeders also developed compact varieties, up to 40 cm high.
Flower petals are combined in various forms:
- wide-open bell;
Plant owners post on the Internet a photo of blooming Abutilon with yellow, white, red, pink, purple petals. Besides, the flower often combines two shades that create a pattern on the petals. For example, a yellow canvas with red veins forming longitudinal arrows or a grid.
A bud originates at the base of leaves that amaze with its variety. They can reach 10 cm in length, so the plant wears name Abutilon, which means “giving shadow”. The leaf shape is ovoid, with a carved or gnarled edge, because of which often the plant is called "Indoor maple". The palette of the sheet plate includes all shades of green, gray and silver.
Popular varieties of Abutilon
According to various sources there from 150 to 300 species of this plant. It comes from the tropics and subtropics, is widely known in the Americas, Australia, Africa, China, and India. Some plants are common and popular, but there are varieties growing in small areas, such as the Hawaiian Islands.
Varieties and hybrids
In order not to finally get confused in the varieties of Abutilon, it is worth understanding what a variety and a hybrid are.
A variety is the result of lengthy breeding work when samples with certain hereditary traits are selected. A hybrid sample is obtained as a result of pollination of two or more “parents” to acquire some properties.
The main difference between the concepts is that the new properties of the hybrid are not contained in hereditary memory. That is, when pollinating several plants in children, for example, a new shade of flowers appears, but it does not persist in posterity. Therefore, plant seeds are labeled F1, which means the first generation of the hybrid.
Attention! Properties can be preserved in the offspring only if propagation is done by cuttings. But the characteristics of the soil are affected by the composition of the soil, light, watering, and air humidity.
Bella and Bella Hybrid
The dwarf variety appeared as a result of the work of breeders in America in the late 20th century.
Its main differences from other varieties:
- Height - 30–40 cm.
- Widely opened flowers.
- Abundant flowering.
- Strongly branched (magnificent) crown.
It is these properties that are transmitted genetically in the seed material. The following varieties are included in the Bella variety:
|No pp||Name||Petals coloring|
|1.||Salmon Shade||Soft peach shade, dark streaks.|
|4.||Red||Large red ones.|
|5.||Deep coral||Dark streaks on a bronze background.|
|6.||Vanilla||Pale yellow color.|
|7.||Kentish Bella||Yellow-orange flower and red stipulus.|
|8.||Apricot||Salmon or apricot color.|
|9.||Apricot Shade||From saturated salmon to tender apricot.|
|10.||mix||A mixture of seeds of all shades.|
- bush up to 1.5 m high;
- poor flowering;
- the shape of the bud is a wide-open bell (diameter - up to 4 cm);
- magnificent crown with marble pattern.
Shrub with maple leaveslooks very elegant. The plate with carved edges is painted in light yellow. In addition, in the center there are spots of a saturated green hue. The colorful pattern appeared as a result of a viral infection, which affects only this variety and is not transmitted to other colors.
The plant was described by travelers in the 19th century. His homeland is the Hawaiian Islands.
Terry grade characteristics:
- large flower (7–9 cm) with many petals;
- the petals are slightly corrugated with a delicate pink tint;
- leaf color - bright green;
- the form is elongated, heart-shaped, with carved edges.
The most famous representative of this variety is Victorian lady.
The name Bellevue translates as "beautiful view."
Its characteristic features:
- bush up to 2 m high;
- lush crown of small leaves with a carved edge;
- plentiful flowering;
- bell-shaped bud, various shades.
The flowers are heavy enough for a thin stalk, so they hang like bells.
We can say that not much attention is riveted to this variety. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the plant is a large bush. It looks great in open ground in a warm climate, and in the conditions of an apartment, crown adjustment is required. Many gardeners say that he himself flower doesn't like indoor confinement.
This plant is a “poor relative” in the Abutilon family. He is referred to as Theofrast's Trampoline.
Wild flower is common in China, Moldova, southern Ukraine and Russia. The plant is often perceived as a weed.. If it is not removed, then it crowds out crops.
- annual plant;
- velvety leaves, stems and buds (due to small fluffy hairs);
- leaf shape - heart-shaped;
- buds and fruits in the form of a ribbed (star-shaped) box;
- flowers are yellow-orange, wide open.
However, a wild representative can also settle in houses as a hybrid with other plants. It is actively used in folk, Tibetan, Chinese medicine, as antipyretic, antiseptic, diuretic and wound healing.
Abutilon Juliet resembles Bellevue:
- bush up to 1.5 m high;
- plentiful flowering;
- bell-shaped flowers.
You can distinguish them by sheet shape. In Juliet they are large, up to 15 cm in length. The configuration of the plate is like that of a maple, therefore the plant is accepted into the community of indoor maples. Flowers of bright shades reach 5-6 cm in diameter. Abutilon Juliet grows to 50 cm per year. The first flowers appear 5 months after planting the seeds.
Abutilon Chitendenii can hardly be called a shrub, it’s already "Canary" tree, up to 3 m high. The birthplace of the plant is Latin America, so it loves a lot of light.
- rounded heart-shaped leaves of a dark green hue;
- the leaf plate is dense on the front side, the back side is with a small pile;
- flowers are large, up to 6–7 cm, wide open and yellow.
In our country, the plant is not popular. Its crown requires constant adjustment to room size. In addition, it prefers natural conditions, at least in the summer.
Outwardly, the variety is a bit like Juliet, but Organza is no longer considered a bush.
The plant is prepared for indoor living and looks as follows:
- flower height - up to 60 cm;
- he has 1 stiff trunk with several stems;
- dark green leaves of rounded maple shape;
- sheet plate length - up to 10 cm;
- bell-shaped inclined (drooping) with veins flowers reach up to 7 cm in diameter;
- buds in the axils of the leaves are formed in pairs or singly;
- flower color: white, yellow, golden, orange, pink.
Homeland Flower - Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina. Here Abutilon Megapotamsky grows in vivo.
Like many southern guests, the plant looks unusual and colorful:
- bush up to 2.5 m high;
- medium leaves, up to 8 cm long;
- the color of the plate is slightly darker than that of most dark green counterparts;
- the shape of the sheet is elongated, lanceolate, with a carved edge;
- flowering is plentiful;
- flowers in the form of yellow bells peek out from a box of saturated pink hue.
Often the shape of the flowers is compared with red paper lanterns. Therefore, the plant has another name - "Weeping chinese lantern", which in translation from English means "Weeping Chinese lantern".
Another guest from South America who has taken root in our country. He created coziness for many generations, for which he received the nickname "grandmother".
- shrub up to 2.5 m high;
- leaves are dark green, with 3 lobes, similar to maple;
- flowers with contrasting mesh veins;
- color: burgundy, lilac, orange;
- the outer form of the flower is a drooping bell;
- internal configuration: funnel-shaped, of wide petals, tightly adjacent to each other.
His name speaks for itself. It is distinguished by leaves on which there is a spotted or striped pattern.
The leaves are heart-shaped. The main value of the plant is variegated foliage. As for the flowers, the period of appearance of the buds is shorter than that of other Abutilons. is he blooms in late summer with bell-shaped flowers. Petals of an orange shade with scarlet streaks.
Abutilon Grapevine - another type of tall shrub.
Its botanical description:
- bush height - 1.5–1.8 m;
- magnificent crown with leaves, the length of which reaches 15 cm;
- the shape of 3 blades resembles a vine leaf;
- type of flowers - wide open;
- color: lavender, blue, lilac.
The shade of the buds is gentle and insanely pleasant.. But not only this attracts gardeners. The plant tolerates frosts (up to -5 ° C). Therefore, in the southern regions of the country Abutilon grows in open ground in the garden and in the country. It is quite possible to grow a room copy, but it requires the formation of a crown.
A serious scientific approach is already felt in the title. The flower was described in detail in 1871 and became the basis with which breeders worked to develop new varieties.
- originally from Brazil they have a height of up to 3 m, a selection representative - up to 1 m;
- large leaves: length up to 20 cm, width - up to 8 cm;
- the shape of the leaves of the upper part of the crown is three-lobed, the lower with 5–7 lobes;
- plates are covered with hard pile;
- flower color: pink, orange, veined.
Abutilon is considered an unpretentious plant, its cultivation and care is even for beginner flower growers.
Each species has some features inherent in a particular variety. And it makes sense to familiarize yourself with them in advance.
Plant likes plentiful watering, especially in hot weather: up to 2 times on a hot day - morning and evening. The second condition for proper hydration is regularity. If there is not enough moisture, the leaves of the flower begin to dry out. They have a dry edge and spots. And they will not recover.
In winter, watering should be regular but moderate. Well, if the earth has time to dry out a bit.
Do not forget that the plant comes from the tropics. It needs diffused sunlight. Flowering directly depends on the amount of sun.
With its shortage, the flower reduces the number of buds, or even ceases to bloom. This period begins from November to February. However, if there are many sunny days, and even more so if fluorescent lamps are used, then flowering will continue year-round.
Abutilon is best placed on a window with an orientation to the west and east. The plant can be in direct sunlight for no more than 3 hours. The south side is suitable if you properly organize the scattering of light.
Some varieties are characterized by rapid growth. But even for dwarf varieties pruning is relevant. If the stem stretches up, and the crown is not as magnificent as we would like, you can safely cut it at any level.
After this, additional shoots appear in the internodes. Abutilon even loves pruning. You can remove up to 1/3 and 1/2 of the original crown volume. The procedure is best done before and after flowering. Then feeding is required.
Temperature and humidity
The usual conditions of the tropics are heat and humidity. Apartments can not boast of this, therefore, spraying becomes a mandatory procedure.
Optimal conditions for the plant:
- summer - 20–26 degrees;
- winter - 12-15 degrees.
Important! Abutilon is able to survive a short-term decrease in air temperature to +5. The temperature range below this mark will cause the death of the flower.
During active growth, from spring to autumn, Abutilon gratefully responds to feeding with abundant flowering.
For specimens with a large number of buds, special fertilizers must be applied with the inscription "for flowering plants". They are dominated by phosphorus and potassium. Reasonable watering schedule with fertilizers - 1 time in 2 weeks.
After the end of the flowering or pruning of the crown, fertilizing with fertilizers with a high nitrogen content is required. It is he who has a beneficial effect on leaf growth.
Recommended primer for Abutilon should be light, pH neutral, with the possibility of penetration of moisture and air. The most optimal is containing vermiculite, perlite, sand.
With self-selection of the soil, a mixture is recommended:
- turf land - 2 parts;
- humus of leaves and needles - 2 parts;
- river sand - 0.5 parts;
- coconut substrate - 1 part.
New plants are formed in two ways:
- through sowing seeds;
- by cuttings.
For this method, seed can be purchased at a store or to collect seeds that have matured at home. Start sowing in February. To do this, prepare the soil and a small greenhouse. You can use a plastic container from the eggs. In this case, the seeds take root in their own containers, which facilitates the transplant of flowers.
Each seed is laid out on the soil surface, slightly pressed down by 0.5 cm, and the pit is leveled. Then comes abundant watering. The emergence of seedlings is expected within 2-3 weeks, subject to the temperature regime (+20 ° C and above) and regular watering.
How to root a stalk
Cut the stalk 5-15 cm long and prepare a plastic cup with vermiculite. Pierce the bottom to remove excess water. After watering the vermiculite, part of the handle is immersed in it. A cup is wrapped in a film to preserve moisture.
After 10-12 days, a new root system can be seen through the transparent walls.. The new bush is carefully removed and arranged in a permanent place with the usual soil.
Abutilon looks incredibly beautiful. Picturesque greenery and bright flowers will cheer up the owners, neighbors and just passers-by.