Pilea is a hardy plant, reaching a height of 0.4 m and having decorative foliage. This plant is most often grown in winter gardens, warm flower gardens and shop windows. Pilea Kadier differs from other species in its very rapid growth, which is of particular value for flower growers who use it when arranging compositions of various colors. Small same-sex flowers are most often collected in axillary hands. The plant spreads its fruits in an extremely unusual way, which is similar in its mechanism to ejection. By the time of fruiting, the sterile stamens (staminodes) are greatly expanded and only slightly support the fruit hanging over them. In a ripened fetus, the connection with the plant is greatly weakened. At this time, the sterile stamens straighten and recline the fetus to a distance of one hundred meters.
Pilea is most often a herbaceous plant, rarely a shrub that grows up to 40 cm in height. The stalks can be erect or creeping, highly branched, with opposite whole leaves, the size of which varies from a few millimeters to several centimeters. The shape of the leaves can be round, oval, lanceolate, with a smooth or serrated edge, often variegated.
Flowers - same-sex, nondescript, small, located in racemose inflorescences. When ripe, the seeds of the pilea “shoot out” and scatter for almost 100 m.
Pileas delight florists with their diversity. There are several hundred species and varieties of this amazing culture. Each variety has its own characteristics, unique color, leaf shape and other individual characteristics. Consider the most famous options.
This is one of the most popular species. The bright green foliage has reddish-brown streaks. The soft fluff and the expressive texture of the leaf plates create a feeling of soft velvet.
A distinctive feature of this variety is the ability of upright shoots to transform into lodging during development. The leaves are pinkish-green, have an oval shape. Interesting surface structure and carved edges make this saw a wonderful decorative adornment.
Spruce and Norfolk
A small bush grows to 20 cm. The surface of the leaves resembles reptile skin. They are opaque, tuberous, have a reddish-brown color. Small notches along the edges and a pearly sheen complete the picture, enhancing the similarity. The flowers consist of 4 petals, have a pleasant white-pink color.
Separately, it is worth highlighting the variety Norfolk. Unlike the basic version, it is painted in a bright mint tone with a slight silver tint. Dark veins stand out against this background, visually enhancing the texture of foliage. The underside of the leaves is red. The shoots are drooping. The culture looks wonderful in flower pots.
Pressed (compressed, depressed)
This is a ground cover. Dense shoots droop. In nature, such bushes form a thick green carpet. Miniature rounded leaves do not grow more than 5 mm. In the sun they shimmer beautifully. Because of the short petioles and small foliage, the bushes seem to be pressed to the ground, which explains the name of the species.
This variety has several names: Silver, Kadye or Kadiera. This flower belongs to bushy plants with erect strongly branched stems, the height of which reaches an average of 40 cm.
Pilea Kadier, Kadiera, pressed, Alumi - home care
Oval leaves can grow up to 20 cm long and up to 5 cm wide. Their edges are slightly wavy, and the tip is very pointed. The sheet plate is smooth and slightly glossy to the touch.
Note! Kadiera’s flower growers are attracted by their unusual coloration: on a dark green leaf there are two wide intermittent strips of silver color. It is thanks to this feature that the flower got the name Silver Pilea, which means “silver” in English.
This is a hybrid view. It stands out among others in an unusual olive color with a silver tint.
This variety refers to ampelous plants. The brown shoots of Lebanese pylea spread along the ground and create a dense carpet. Ovoid leaves grow in large numbers on shoots. Their upper surface is painted silver-green, and the bottom is bright green.
This is another unique hybrid variety. The plant reaches 30 cm. The bush is covered with pointed silver leaves, creating a sense of the alien origin of the plant.
This compact form with high decorative properties is great for indoor cultivation. Culture is growing pretty fast. Creeping shoots. The stems have a burgundy hue, decorated with miniature rounded leaves. The silver coating covering the foliage greens explains another name of the species - “silver spray”.
The culture looks wonderful in hanging containers; it can be used in the garden to decorate flower beds and create living compositions.
This species has erect shoots. Its size reaches 30 cm. The leaves are oval, rough, have a pronounced texture. Bright light greens are combined with a burgundy-brown tone, forming an interesting color. Inflorescences have a delicate pink tint.
This variety stands out for its unusual leaf shape. Almost round, they resemble water lilies. The surface without pubescence, has a "fresh" green tint. Thin veins are barely noticeable. Leaflets hold on graceful long petioles. Culture blooms very rarely, but this does not reduce its attractiveness.
Spreading shoots of this plant are actively branching. A lot of miniature leaflets covering them gives the culture a delicate and lush look. The color of the foliage is light green, one-color. The leaves are glossy, rounded, slightly pointed. It is also worth noting the moss-like saw. This is a subspecies of small-leaved culture. As the name implies, the plant is very similar to moss. It is low, has threadlike shoots and small foliage.
This charming groundcover looks like a lush bush. Round glossy leaflets really look like coins. The edges of the leaf plate are serrated. The color is bright, pale green. The culture has been successfully applied both to decorate rooms and to create the effect of a luxurious green carpet in gardens.
As the name implies, this species has long creeping shoots. Sometimes they reach 25 cm. The leaves are distinguished by a "crumpled" textured surface. The shape is round, neat. The color is dark green, sometimes foliage slightly casts purple.
Sawing at home
Actions after the purchase
After purchase, the plant should be immediately freed from the transport substrate and transplanted into a wide, shallow container.
The soil is made up of leaf turf, humus, peat and sand (3: 1: 1: 1).
You can use the finished soil from the sale for decorative deciduous plants.
After acquiring a flower, the first thing to do is decide where to place it better. Pilea refers to photophilous cultures, but direct sunlight is contraindicated to it. It is best to put a flower pot on a windowsill with windows facing west or east.
Important! With a lack of light, the color of the leaves may lose saturation. If necessary, install additional lighting.
The optimal temperature in the spring-summer period are indicators of 19-22 degrees. In summer, you can put a flower pot on the balcony - it will only benefit him. In winter, the average temperature is lowered by 1-2 degrees, but no more. The lowering is carried out gradually, since the sharp changes of the pylaea are very poorly tolerated.
Pot for sawing
Since pylaea has a superficial root system, the pot should be shallow (not higher than 10 cm) and wide. Unusual flower pots or decorative pallets are suitable.
The pot should fit the size of the plant. If you select an oversized flowerpot, the likelihood of acidification of the soil and decay of the root system increases.
Pilea grows well in fertile loose soil with moderate or weak acidity (5.5-6 pH). Suitable store substrate for decorative deciduous plants. If it is possible to prepare the mixture yourself, you can choose one of the options:
- sheet land, humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1;
- greenhouse land, peat and perlite in equal parts;
- turf land, sheet land, peat, sand, expanded clay (1: 1: 1: 1: 1/2).
Before planting, it is recommended to disinfect the prepared mixture by spilling it with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Also, home sawmill grows well in hydroponics.
Keep the Pilea in a well-lit place, but keep it away from the sun, as its delicate leaves can easily get burns.
Important! Excess light "Pilea" is harmful, from it the leaves lose their color. It should not be kept on the windowsill, but at some distance from the window.
A native of warm countries, Pilea is quite thermophilic, but the content at ordinary room temperature is also suitable for her. It is only necessary to protect it from drafts. In summer, you can keep the flower on the balcony or even on the street.
The optimal temperature regime for pylaea is within 22-25 degrees above zero. There are varieties (small-leaved, peperomeviform) that prefer lower rates of -10-15 degrees.
But for everyone else, it’s better not to allow coolness below +17 degrees. Pilea does not tolerate drafts, so keep this in mind when airing.
In the summer it is allowed to arrange "air baths" on the street or in the open balcony.
Watering and humidity requirements
Watering "Pilea" is designed to provide a constant, moderate soil moisture. Drying of the substrate should not be allowed. But dryness is less fatal to it than waterlogging. Too much moisture causes root decay.
Pilee air humidity needs to be increased.
But experienced gardeners strongly do not recommend spraying it, it will look untidy.
To maintain moisture it is better to use other methods.
Place the pot in a pan filled with expanded clay and filled with water.
The bottom should not be in contact with water. It is also ideal to use a humidifier during the heating season.
If your “Pilea” is grown in a suspended pot, you can put the pot in a container of a larger diameter and cover it with wet moss.
A room saw prefers high air humidity, so care for it is to control this indicator.
Note! Spraying on a plant from a spray gun is not recommended, from this it can lose its decorative appearance.
Soil and transplant
The first transplant is made immediately after the purchase of the plant, each subsequent year in the spring and summer.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting pylaea:
- The day before the transplant, water the flower abundantly.
- Rinse the roots in water immediately before transplantation.
- Remove tangled and damaged roots.
- Treat the roots with root or similar.
- Put 3 cm of drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
- Put fresh earth in a pot.
- Transplant a flower without deepening it.
- Add a lack of soil without tamping.
Important! The soil urgently changes if there is a light brown coating. If the plant blooms during transplantation, then the inflorescences are cut off in advance.
After transplantation, the plant needs peace, care must be taken carefully. It will be possible to loosen the earth in about a week, and to make the first fertilizer only after 2 months.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
Fertilizer is applied in the spring-summer period once every 10 days, in the autumn-winter period once a month. Universal organic and mineral fertilizers are used.
As a top dressing from natural products, humus, ash, yeast, onions, aquarium water, coffee grounds, sugar, banana peels are suitable.
In all varieties of pylaea, including peperium, flowering occurs no more than once a year. If abundant flowering occurs in the summer months, then individual flowers in the axillary leaves may appear year-round.
Against the background of variegated leaves, small inflorescences are difficult to notice. The flowers have a light pink or cream shade.
Note! Despite the fact that during their ripening stamens can throw pollen over a long distance, they do not cause allergic reactions.
Since flowers do not represent any decorative value, they are often removed. This is done so that the saw does not spend its energy on flowering.
Winter Saw Care
This variety tolerates winter well and can grow at air temperatures up to 10 ° C. If the plant organize such conditions, then in the summer it will bloom. Since flowering in this variety is not appreciated, for the winter only watering and fertilizing are reduced.
Fast-growing varieties require regular shaping pruning. Otherwise, the plant will lose its decorative properties and a dense spherical crown.
To make the bush lush, it is recommended to pinch its shoots. The procedure should be planned in the early spring, before the plant begins active growth. Often pruning is combined with a transplant.
Pilea crown formation:
The decorative effect of pylaea is quickly lost, therefore, it is regularly necessary to pinch the plant, prune the branches, which will contribute to branching and increase bushiness, and once every 4-5 years it is necessary to completely rejuvenate the plant. Many flower growers grow pilya as an annual or biennial plant, instead of replanting in 1-2 years, performing a complete rejuvenation of the plant, growing a completely new bush from cuttings. It is up to you to decide how best to grow the sawfly, focus on the appearance of the plant, in order to determine which procedure your sawn bush needs.
Table: what conditions are required depending on the season
|Spring Summer||It grows well even in partial shade, but for the manifestation of all decorative features it is necessary to provide the plant with bright, but diffuse lighting. With a lack of light, the color of the leaves fades. For placement, windows of eastern and western orientation are suitable.||Not very high - up to 21 ° C. In summer, the saw can be taken out into the open air.||High humidity. Species with pubescent leaves cannot be sprayed “directly”, it is better to place a container with water near the saw, or place the pot on a pallet with raw pebbles / expanded clay.|
|Autumn winter||15 ° C. Mandatory protection against drafts.|
How is pylaea propagated?
Propagation of pylaea is possible in two ways: seeds and cuttings.
When propagating by seeds, purchased material is most often used, since at home it is extremely difficult to achieve their maturation. For planting, flat dishes are prepared, which are filled with equal parts of turf land, peat and sand.
Reproduction of peperia
Seeds are laid out evenly on the surface, after which they are moistened with a spray gun and covered with polyethylene. The optimal place for germination is a bright and warm room.
The seeds of the peperium-like pylaea sprout unevenly, so the process can drag on for two months. All this time it is recommended to regularly remove the polyethylene, providing the seeds with ventilation. It is completely removed after emergence.
Important! When the sprouts acquire 3-4 leaves, they are dived into separate containers.
"Pilea" from seeds is rarely grownThis is usually done to get a new hybrid. The best time for sowing is early spring - this allows the sprouts to stretch and grow stronger during the summer.
Seeds are sown on the surface of a mixture of sand, peat and leaf soil, not sprinkling them on top. To facilitate courtship, you can sow in a row. Then the container is closed with clear plastic or glass, and placed in a dark place.
The required temperature is + 18-24 degrees. For a while, growing soil should be kept moist and checked so that there is no over-moistening or drying out.
Germination occurs within 14-30 days. After the appearance of sprouts, the glass is raised for half an hour daily for ventilation.
The most effective method of propagating pylaea is cuttings. The shoots can be prepared all year round using branches or stems. The selected part of the plant is cut into segments of 6-7 cm, followed by the stage of rooting. To do this, you can use two compositions:
- a container of water in which a tablet of activated carbon was previously dissolved;
- container with soil. Cuttings in the ground should be slightly buried, after which they are watered and covered with polyethylene. Such a mini-greenhouse provides the planting material with the necessary temperature and climatic conditions. When the stalk begins to grow, the film can be removed.
After rooting of the processes and the appearance of several leaves, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Propagation of "Pilea" by cuttings is carried out in any month of the year.
The resulting processes of trimming, having a length of 7-10 cm, are rooted in water, sand or loose soil.
To do this, they are placed in pots, covering with a jar to create conditions for mini-greenhouses.
However, the leaves of the appendix should not reach the walls. For better decorativeness, several cuttings can be placed in one container.
A pot with a handle is placed in heat, where there is no direct radiation. After the roots appear, the jar is cleaned, and within a week the flower gets used to the changed conditions. Then the container is rearranged in a convenient place.
The grown cuttings are transplanted into individual pots, after which they are looked after as adult plants.
Growing problems and difficulties
During planting and care, flower growers may encounter the following difficulties:
- If the temperature is too high and dry air, pests can appear: spider mite, thrips. Insecticides work well against them;
- requires constant pruning and pinching. If this is not done, then the bush will become untidy;
- with a lack of lighting, the shoots are extended, new leaves become smaller;
- with excessive lighting, the leaves fade, their pattern fades;
- if the leaves are dry, then the air in the room is too dry;
- if the leaves are dropping, and the plant seems to fade, it is urgent to reduce watering.
Pilea is an incredibly beautiful and unpretentious home plant that can decorate any home. In addition, it is very useful. At home, pylea requires minimal care, but this does not mean that he planted and forgot. Make efforts, albeit minimal, still have to. In gratitude for this, the flower will bestow its lush and unusual greens.
The leaves are wrinkled, dry and fallif the room temperature is too high - above 27 ° C, or too cold - below 12 ° C, if the soil is too dry.
Leaves become lethargic, blacken and fall, there is a softening of the stems with excessive watering, when the soil does not have time to dry out.
Leaves become lethargic and very pale, somewhat transparent due to excess lighting.
The leaves lose their color, the ends of the leaves or edges are brown and dry, the shoots are extended, the new leaves are small due to lack of lighting.
On the leaves are yellow, then brown spots. A possible cause is a sunburn.
Lower leaves fall - this is typical for most types of saws, even with good care, the stems from the bottom are exposed, so it’s easier to rejuvenate the plant by cutting cuttings from it and rooting them like a new plant.
Diseases and Pests
Pilea is a fairly hardy plant. However, if you do not follow the basic rules for caring for her, difficulties may arise. Here are the main problems and the causes of their occurrence:
- The lower leaves of pylaea fall off - incorrect irrigation mode (excess or lack of moisture).
- Pilea leaves turn black - the temperature of the content is too low.
- Pilea leaves wilted - insufficient watering.
- Pilea shoots stretch out - lack of sunlight.
- There were drying spots on the leaves - This is a burn due to direct sunlight on the plant.
- The lower parts of the branches are exposed - the bush degenerates and needs rejuvenation.
Of the pylaea pests, aphids, scabies, spider mites, and thrips can be affected.