Jacaranda (Jacaránda) is a semi-deciduous (dropping leaves at freezing temperature) tree belonging to the Bigonium family. Most of the fifty species come from South America.
Under natural conditions, an adult jacarand reaches a height of ten meters. The trunk of a young tree is covered with a smooth bark of light brown color, which becomes scaly in adulthood. The branches are thin, reddish, uneven.
Although the plant is considered to be decorative-flowering, its leaves are decorative in themselves - up to 45 cm in length, two-pinnate, they are like fern leaves or mimosa.
The flowers of jacaranda are very beautiful, they have an elongated, slightly curved shape and reach 5 cm. Floral brushes growing on the ends of young shoots bend the branches with their heaviness, they appear on a tree in late spring - early summer and blossom, replacing each other for two months. Flowers are most often painted in all kinds of shades of blue and lilac, less often - white and purple.
Types of Jacaranda
In indoor floriculture, only two species are used, and even then they contain only young plants, usually until they reach 1.5-2.0 meters. Only adult trees bloom. So be prepared that you will not wait for flowering, and after some time you will have to part with the jacaranda .
Jacaranda Mimozolistnaya - the trunk is straight, with cirrus large leaves, located quite rarely. The flowers are blue with white spots.
Jacaranda Fluffy, it is sometimes called jasmine. Purple flowers are collected in panicle inflorescences. Only young specimens are grown in culture.
Temperature and lighting contain in summer at room temperature, in winter it is desirable to reduce it to 12 degrees, but it is impossible to lower below 7.
Young plants can grow in light partial shade. Adult jacaranda needs bright sunlight, and direct rays should illuminate it for at least 3 hours a day. Highlighting may be required, especially in winter.
Humidity and watering plentiful watering and daily spraying with warm soft water. In summer, the substrate in the pot should be constantly moist. In winter, watering is somewhat reduced, but the earthen lump should not dry out.
Fertilizer and fertilizing during the period of active growth, organic and mineral fertilizers for citrus fruits alternate every two weeks.
Soil and transplant - jacaranda needs a pot of normal shape and good drainage. Soil suitable ready for citrus plants. Transplanted for the first two to three years every spring, later - when the roots fill the entire pot with the method of transshipment. Do not forget that this plant is a tree and you can’t deepen the root neck.
Flowering and pruning - flowering jacaranda in room conditions is extremely rare. When the plant reaches half a meter, you need to regularly cut and pinch it.
Features of leaving - jacaranda grows quite quickly, do not neglect pruning if you want to extend its stay in the house. In winter or spring, the plant can drop leaves - do not worry, this is a natural process, young leaves will appear soon.
When the plant leaves young age, most likely, after the next leaf fall, new leaves will not grow, the plant will lose its decorative effect, and keeping it in the house will lose its meaning.
Propagate the plant by seeds and apical cuttings.
Propagation by cuttings. In the spring, pruning cuttings 8-10 cm long are taken, the lower pair of leaves is removed, the cut is treated with a growth stimulant and rooted in a mixture of perlite and peat. Need high, up to 25 degrees, temperature and humidity, for which the cuttings are wrapped in a transparent film and put in a warm place. After rooting, young plants are planted 3-4 pcs. in separate pots.
Propagation by seed. Seeds are planted immediately in separate pots and germinated, covered with a film or glass at a temperature of at least 21 degrees with high humidity. After emergence, the pots are exposed, and after a month they are fed. As they grow, they are transferred to larger pots.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Jacaranda is rarely sick and affected by pests.
With prolonged stagnation of water at the roots, they can rot.
If the plant is not sprayed, a spider mite may appear, treat the plant with a solution of laundry soap or an insecticide.
When surface irrigation leaves are affected by chlorosis. Adjust the watering, and water and sprinkle the plant with an iron chelate.