Most plants of this genus have unique medicinal properties and have been used by people in cooking, medicine and cosmetics for several millennia.
Amomum is a perennial, rhizome, herbaceous plant. Belongs to the ginger family, reaches three meters in height. Tropical regions of Africa and Asia are considered his homeland. The name of the genus in translation from Latin means "balm", which very accurately characterizes the sharp and spicy aroma emanating from all parts of the plant.
About 170 species are known in the genus; all of them differ in specific aromas. The most affordable in room culture is Amomum cardamom (A.cardamomum) Also found under the names of Amomum of the Siamese or Eletarius of Cardamom.
The rhizome is horizontal, the leaves are long, oblong, on long petioles with small spots along the entire surface. The inflorescence grows directly from the rhizome, looks like a brush or panicle. Amomum blooms from early spring to mid-summer. The fruits of different species differ in shape, aroma and taste.
Basic care rules
The plant is unpretentious, but because of its large size it is better to grow in a cool greenhouse. He needs a lot of light, but in the summer at noon he needs protection from direct sunlight. The most comfortable temperature in the summer is from + 19 ° C to + 26 ° C. In winter, a decrease to + 15 ° С - + 18 ° С is desirable. Amomum will be able to grow in the winter and in an ordinary warm room, but flowering in this case will be more scarce.
In the spring-summer period, the plant must be provided with abundant watering, especially when kept in a hot and bright place. In winter, watering is reduced, but in the depths, the soil should be moist all the time. The plant is not too picky about air humidity. Only during the hot summer days and the heating winter season may Amomum need to be sprayed.
Top dressing is carried out with standard liquid fertilizer every two weeks from March to September.
It is better to transplant large adult specimens once every 2-3 years, but young plants annually. It is possible to use any universal land mixture with a neutral reaction. Amomum grows well in hydroponics.
Most often, the plant is propagated by division of rhizomes after flowering. At the same time, both leaves and roots are cut in half for better survival. It is also possible propagation by seeds and rooting of leafy cuttings, which is much more difficult.
The plant is quite resistant to pests and diseases, only with dry air can the ends of the leaves dry out actively.