Averroys are a plant of the acid family. In nature, it is found in southeast Asia. At home, this is a powerful tree 10-12 meters high with a dense crown. The genus received its name in honor of the famous doctor from the east, who lived there - Averroes.
Features of individual species
The genus includes two types of averra:
These plants have ovoid dark green leaves. The flowers are small, collected in small brushes. The bark of the tree is brown.
The fruits of carambola aurora are large, ribbed, in a section resemble a star. When they ripen, they turn golden yellow. They are eaten fresh, added to salads.
The fruits of Aurora Belimba in shape resemble a cucumber. In her homeland she is called the "cucumber tree."
Averroys grow in the tropics with a pronounced arid period. To create increased humidity at home is very difficult. To maintain optimal conditions for growth and development, it is necessary:
- constantly spray the plant from the spray gun;
- provide intensive lighting in the winter;
- create an artificial dormant period for the plant by lowering the ambient temperature.
When the content of Aurora is necessary to take into account its features:
- when the substrate is dried, the leaves curl up and fly around;
- powerful crown requires constant trimming;
- with the content of Aurora without a rest period - the branches are stretched and lose their elasticity.
Transplant and substrate
Transplant young seedlings every year, in adulthood - after four years. The soil for planting the plant should be light, permeable and very nutritious. You can also use ready-made soil for ficus, but it’s better to cook it yourself. You can use ready-made soil for ficus, but it’s better to cook it yourself. For its preparation, the following ingredients are required in equal parts:
- sheet earth;
- baking powder (sand, vermiculite);
- leaf humus.
Averroys love bright daylight, but do not tolerate the direct hit of the sun's rays on the foliage. This flower will feel good in the apartment only if its following features are taken into account:
- if sunlight is not enough for the plant, then leaf fall may begin;
- It responds very well to artificial lighting in the winter.
Averroys come from the tropics and are therefore thermophilic. But an increase in temperature up to thirty degrees can provoke falling leaves. In winter, a colder and drier content is required, which will favorably affect the shape of the crown.
Watering and feeding
Aurora watering is carried out, like many houseplants, by standing warm water. In the summer, the soil in the pot is constantly moistened. In winter, it is necessary to carefully monitor the state of the soil and prevent over-humidification, since a plant needs a “dry period” for normal development. Top dressing is carried out only during active growth.
Propagated by Aurora:
- by seeds;
- green cuttings;
Seeds are sown immediately after collection in a moistened peat substrate and kept in a warm room at a temperature of at least 20 degrees. Cuttings are cut in the spring and their rooting takes place in the sand. It is possible to get a new plant also from layering, which are bent to the soil.
At home, Aurora most often affects a spider mite. A soapy solution that can be applied to the leaves and washed off with a damp cloth can help the plant.
The main diseases of Aurora:
In this case, add some citric acid to the water.
This is an interesting flower, but a little cranky that it is worth considering the grower. He has an interesting feature - with a sharp change in the environment, the leaves curl. This phenomenon can be observed at home, if you sharply transfer the flower from a dark window sill under direct sunlight.